Japanese encephalitis virus is an RNA flavivirus that causes virus encephalitis across Asia, the western Pacific region and parts of Australia.
It is transmitted in an enzootic cycle and the virus is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected Culex tritaeniorhynchus mosquitoes.
There is no specific antiviral treatment for Japanese encephalitis virus and management is mainly symptomatic treatment and supportive care.
Personal protection from mosquito bites in endemic areas and obtaining vaccination are the primary strategies to control Japanese encephalitis virus infection due to lack of specific antiviral therapy, high case fatality, and substantial morbidity.
The addition of endovascular treatment (EVT) to standard medical treatment (SMT) in patients with acute ischaemic stroke (AIS) attributable to basilar artery occlusion (BAO) was associated with improved functional outcomes and reduced mortality, according to the results of the nonrandomized, prospective BASILAR* study presented at ISC 2020.
Higher intake of plant-based fat, in particular n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), in place of carbohydrate during midlife was associated with a reduced risk of cognitive impairment in Chinese adults in later life, according to the Singapore Chinese Health Study (SCHS).