japanese%20encephalitis%20virus
JAPANESE ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS

Japanese encephalitis virus is an RNA flavivirus that causes virus encephalitis across Asia, the western Pacific region and parts of Australia.

It is transmitted in an enzootic cycle and the virus is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected Culex tritaeniorhynchus mosquitoes.

There is no specific antiviral treatment for Japanese encephalitis virus and management is mainly symptomatic treatment and supportive care.

Personal protection from mosquito bites in endemic areas and obtaining vaccination are the primary strategies to control Japanese encephalitis virus infection due to lack of specific antiviral therapy, high case fatality, and substantial morbidity.

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  4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Use of Japanese encephalitis vaccine in children: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), 2013. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2013 Nov;62(45):898-900. https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr. PMID: 24226626
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  8. Tunkel AR, Glaser CA, Bloch KC, et al. The management of encephalitis: clinical practice guidelines by the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA). Clin Infect Dis. 2008 Aug;47(3):303-327. doi: 10.1086/589747. PMID: 18582201
  9. World Health Organization. Japanese encephalitis. WHO. https://www.who.int. Dec 2015.
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  11. Australian Government Department of Health. Australian immunisation handbook: Japanese encephalitis. Australian Government Department of Health. https://immunisationhandbook.health.gov.au/. Jun 2018.
  12. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Japanese encephalitis vaccine. CDC. https://www.cdc.gov/. Feb 2019.
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