Cholestasis is bile formation and/or bile flow impairment that manifests as fatigue, pruritus and jaundice.
It can be classified into intrahepatic or extrahepatic cholestasis.
Extrahepatic cholestasis develops from mechanical blockage in the duct system or hepatocellular defects.
Intrahepatic cholestasis may be due to functional defects hepatocellularly or from obstructive lesions of the intrahepatic biliary tract distal from the bile canaliculi.
The goal of treatment for portal hypertension varies depending on the different stages and substages of cirrhosis, and hence, pharmacological therapies for managing portal hypertension should be considered in the context of other complications of cirrhosis, according to a presentation at the recent APASL 2017 held in Shanghai, China recently.
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