intracerebral%20hemorrhage
INTRACEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE
Intracerebral hemorrhage is the sudden burst of blood into the brain tissue itself.
It causes sudden onset of focal neurological deficit.
The focal neurologic findings are related to the anatomic location, size and speed of development of intracerebral hemorrhage.
Neurological deficit usually progresses over a minute to an hour.
Rapid recognition and diagnosis of intracerebral hemorrhage are essential because of its frequently rapid progression.

Intracerebral Hemorrhage References

  1. Broderick J, Connolly S, Feldmann E, et al. Guidelines for the management of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage in adults: 2007 update: a guideline from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association Stroke Council, High Blood Pressure Research Council, and the Quality of Care and Outcomes in Research Interdisciplinary Working Group. Stroke. 2007 Jun;38(6):2001-2023. PMID: 17478736
  2. Elijovich L, Patel PV, Hemphill JC 3rd. Intracerebral hemorrhage. Semin Neurol. 2008 Nov;28(5):657-667. PMID: 19115172
  3. Elliot J, Smith M. The acute management of intracerebral hemorrhage: a clinical review. Anesth Analg. 2010 May;110(5):1419-1427. PMID: 20332192
  4. Morgenstern LB, Hemphill JC 3rd, Anderson C, et al; on behalf of the American Heart Association Stroke Council & Council on Cardiovascular Nursing. Guidelines for the management of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage: a guideline for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke. 2010 Sep;41(9):2108-2129. PMID: 20651276
  5. Gebel JM, Broderick JP. Intracerebral hemorrhage. Neurol Clin. 2000 May;18(2):419-438. PMID: 10757834
  6. Rincon F, Mayer SA. Intracerebral hemorrhage: getting ready for effective treatments. Curr Opin Neurol. 2010 Feb;23(1):59-64. PMID: 20009924
  7. Qureshi AI, Mendelow AD, Hanley DF. Intracerebral Hemorrhage. Lancet. 2009 May;373(9675):1632-1644. PMID: 19427958
  8. Steiner T, Jüttler E. American guidelines for the management of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage in adults: European perspective. Pol Arch Med Wewn. 2008 Apr;118(4):181-182. PMID: 18575416
  9. Thompson KM, Gerlach SY, Jorn HK, et al. Advances in the care of patients with intracerebral hemorrhage. Mayo Clin Proc. 2007 Aug;82(8):987-990. PMID: 17673068
  10. Steiner T, Kaste M, Forsting M, et al. Recommendations for the management of intracranial haemorrhage - part I: spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage. The European Stroke Initiative Writing Committee and the Writing Committee for the EUSI Executive Committee. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2006;22(4):294-316. PMID: 16926557
  11. Zivin JA. Hemorrhagic cerebrovascular disease. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman's Cecil medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier; 2011
  12. MedWormhttp://www.medworm.com/rss/index.php/Cardiology/7/http://www.medworm.com/rss/medicalfeeds/specialities/Cardiology.xml
  13. MedWormhttp://www.medworm.com/rss/index.php/Neurology/25/http://www.medworm.com/rss/medicalfeeds/specialities/Neurology.xml
  14. Jauch E, Kissela B, Stettler B. Acute stroke management. Medscape. http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1159752-overview. Jun 2009
  15. Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network. Management of patient with stroke or TIA: assessment, investigation, immediate management and secondary prevention. A national clinical guideline. SIGN. http://www.sign.ac.uk. Dec 2008.
  16. Ashtekar JL. Intracranial hemorrhage evaluation with MRI. Medscape. http://emedicine.medscape.com. 2011. Accessed 18 Jan 2012.
  17. Ministry of Health Singapore. MOH clinical practice guidelines. Stroke and transient ischaemic attacks: assessment, investigation, immediate management and secondary prevention. MOH (Singapore). http://www.moh.gov.sg. 2003.
  18. Jeffrey S. New AHA/ASA guidelines on management of intracerebral hemorrhage. Medscape. http://www.medscape.com. 2010. Accessed 16 Mar 2011.
  19. Hitt E. SCAN rule may reduce misdiagnosis of ICH in patients with minor stroke. Medscape. http://www.medscape.com. Mar 2010. Accessed 16 Mar 2011.
  20. Singh V, Edwards NJ. Advances in the critical care management of ischemic stroke. Stroke Res Treat. 2013;2013:1-7. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3671542/pdf/SRT2013-510481.pdf. Accessed 16 Feb 2015. PMID: 23766928
  21. Hemphill JC 3rd, Greenberg SM, Anderson CS, et al. Guidelines for the management of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage: a guideline for the healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/ American Stroke Association. Stroke. 2015 Jul;46(7):2032-2060. doi: 10.1161/STR.0000000000000069. PMID: 26022637
  22. Dastur CK, Yu W. Current management of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage. Stroke and Vascular Neurology. 2017;00:e000047. doi: 10.1136/svn-2016-000047 .
  23. Kim JY, Bae H-J. Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage: management. Journal of Stroke. 2017;19(1):28-39. doi: 10.5853/jos.2016.01935. PMID: 28178413
  24. Rosand J. Intracerebral hemorrhage. In: Bope ET, Kellerman MD. Conn’s current therapy. 69th. Philadelphia: Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier; 2017.
  25. Cai A, Cai X. A clinical update of intracerebral hemorrhage. Neurology Times. http://www.neurologytimes.com. 13 Dec 2017.
  26. Rordorf G, McDonald C. Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage: treatment and prognosis. UpToDate. https://www.uptodate.com. 18 Nov 2018.
  27. Hanley DF, Thompson RE, Rosenblum M, et al. Efficacy and safety of minimally invasive surgery with thrombolysis in intracerebral haemorrhage evacuation (MISTIE III): a randomised, controlled, open-label, blinded endpoint phase 3 trial. Lancet. 2019 Mar 9;393(10175):1021-1032. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(19)30195-3. PMID: 30739747
  28. Sprigg N, Flaherty K, Appleton JP, et al. Tranexamic acid for hyperacute primary IntraCerebral Haemorrhage (TICH-2): an international randomised, placebo-controlled, phase 3 superiority trial. Lancet. 2018 May 26;391(10135):2107-2115. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(18)31033-X. PMID: 29778325
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