insomnia
INSOMNIA

Insomnia can be either having difficulty in initiating sleep, maintaining sleep or experiencing early morning awakening wherein returning to sleep is not easily attained.

These disturbances can cause significant distress and impairment in daytime functioning.

It is the most prevalent sleep disorder in the general population thus accurate diagnosis and effective treatment is necessary.

Insomnia Signs and Symptoms

Introduction

  • The subjective perception of difficulty in sleep initiation, duration, consolidation, or quality of sleep, occurring despite adequate opportunities for sleep, and resulting in daytime dysfunction
  • Insomnia is the most prevalent sleep disorder in the general population, therefore, it is an important public health problem that needs accurate diagnosis and effective treatment
  • Approximately 6-10% of adults have insomnia and it is more common in females and older adults
    • 30-50% of the population is affected by occasional, short-term insomnia
    • The prevalence of chronic insomnia disorder is estimated to be at least 5-10% in industrialized nations

Risk Factors

  • Increasing age
    • Elderly individuals must be assessed for insomnia as they report more forms of sleeping difficulty including lower rates of sleep efficiency, longer sleep onset times, increased number of nighttime awakenings, more time in bed, earlier wake up times and more daytime naps
  • Female gender
  • Medical and psychiatric disease (eg depression, mood disorders)
  • Socioeconomic factors (eg marital strain, financial strain, unemployment)
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
01 Jun 2021
Despite missing medical follow-ups due to the COVID-19 pandemic, breast cancer survivors with high psychological resilience and spiritual wellbeing (SWB) show lower fear of cancer recurrence (FCR), a new study has found.
11 Apr 2021
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is effective in the treatment of prolonged grief disorder and its symptoms in bereaved children and adolescents, according to a study.
Roshini Claire Anthony, 28 Apr 2021

The risk of depression following a stroke may be greater in women than men, according to a retrospective study from the US presented at ISC 2021.

Roshini Claire Anthony, 19 Apr 2021

Stroke survivors may be at an elevated risk of suicide attempts and deaths, according to results of a systematic review and meta-analysis.