Influenza may present as a mild respiratory illness similar to the common cold or it may present without characteristic signs and symptoms.
The main type of influenza virus are types A, B & C virus. Types A&B are the main causes of influenza outbreaks.
Patient may appear flushed and have pain on eye movement. Non-exudative pharyngitis, scattered rales or rhonchi may be present.
Influenza burden in Singapore has been on the rise since 2010, with young children (aged ≤4 years) and the elderly (aged ≥65 years) being most susceptible to influenza‐associated hospitalization for pneumonia and influenza (P&I), a local study has shown.
Early administration of anti-influenza medications in children with tracheostomy cuts the length of stay in the hospital by a day, although these children continue to receive antibiotics even after detection and treatment of their viral infections, a study has shown.
New drug applications approved by US FDA as of 16 - 31 October 2018 which includes New Molecular Entities (NMEs) and new biologics. It does not include Tentative Approvals. Supplemental approvals may have occurred since the original approval date.
Respiratory infections, particularly influenza, may increase the risk of treatment failure in children with asthma who present to emergency departments (EDs) with exacerbations, a secondary analysis of the DOORWAY* study revealed.
Flu vaccination continues to be highly recommended for high-risk paediatric populations, with a recent study showing substantial protection among children who received the vaccine and especially in those who were fully vaccinated.
The paediatric dosing of intravenous zanamivir has a safety profile that is consistent with that expected in a population of children hospitalized for severe or progressive influenza, with majority achieving clinical improvement during the treatment course, according to a study.
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Adding the neuraminidase inhibitor oseltamivir to usual care speeds up recovery from influenza-like illness by a day compared with usual care alone, with even greater benefits seen in older, sicker patients with comorbidities, according to the ALIC4E study.
At a Menarini-sponsored symposium held during the Asian Pacific Society Congress, renowned cardiologist Prof John Camm provided the latest evidence for chronic stable angina with or without concomitant diseases, with a special focus on the antianginal agent ranolazine and combination therapies. The event was chaired and moderated by Dr Dante Morales from the University of the Philippines College of Medicine.
A prospective cohort study of mothers taking antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and their breastfed infants has found substantially lower AED concentrations in infant vs maternal blood, with nearly half of all obtained AED concentrations in nursing infants being less than the lower limit of quantification (LLoQ).
Testosterone treatment may slightly improve sexual functioning and quality of life in men without underlying organic causes of hypogonadism, but it offers little to no benefit for other common symptoms of ageing, according to a study. In addition, long-term efficacy and safety of this therapy remain unknown.