Treatment Guideline Chart
Infective endocarditis is an infection of the endocardial surface of the heart including infections of the large thoracic vessels and intracardiac foreign bodies characterized by the presence of vegetation which is a nidus for microorganism invasion.
Native valve endocarditis is an endovascular microbial infection of native heart valves that may be local including valvular and perivalvular destruction or distal due to detachment of septic vegetations with embolism, metastatic infection and septicemia.
Prosthetic valve endocarditis is an endovascular microbial infection of prosthetic heart valves and may be classified as an infection likely to have been acquired perioperatively and thus being nosocomial or likely to have been community-acquired.

Infective Endocarditis (Pediatric) References

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  6. Cunha BA, Gill MV, Lazar JM. Acute infective endocarditis. Diagnostic and therapeutic approach. Infect Dis Clin North Am. 1996 Dec;10(4):811-834. PMID: 8958170
  7. Durack DT, Lukes AS, Bright DK. New criteria for diagnosis of infective endocarditis: utilization of specific echocardiographic findings. Duke Endocarditis Service. Am J Med. 1994 Mar;96(3):200-209. PMID: 8154507
  8. Ferrieri P, Gewitz MH, Gerber MA, et al. Unique features of infective endocarditis in childhood. Circulation. 2002 Apr;105(17):2115-2126. PMID: 11980694
  9. Giessel BE, Koenig CJ, Blake RL Jr. Management of bacterial endocarditis. Am Fam Physician. 2000 Mar;61(6):1725-1732,1739. PMID: 10750879
  10. Habib G, Hoen B, Tornos P, et al; ESC Committee for Practice Guidelines. Guidelines on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of infective endocarditis (new version 2009): the Task Force on the Prevention, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Infective Endocarditis of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). Endorsed by the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ESCMID) and the International Society of Chemotherapy (ISC) for Infection and Cancer. Aug 27, 2009. Eur Heart J. 2009 Oct;30(19):2369-2413. PMID: 19713420
  11. Horstkotte D, Follath F, Gutschik E, et al;Task Force Members on Infective Endocarditis of the European Society of Cardiology; ESC Committee for Practice Guidelines (CPG). Guidelines on prevention, diagnosis and treatment of infective endocarditis executive summary; the task force on infective endocarditis of the European Society of Cardiology. Eur Heart J. 2004 Feb;25(3):267-276. PMID: 14972429
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  33. Allen U; Canadian Paediatric Society, Infectious Diseases and Immunization Committee. Infective endocarditis: updated guidelines. Can J Infect Dis Med Microbiol. 2010;21(2):74-77. PMID: 21629614
  34. Baltimore RS, Gewitz M, Baddour LM, et al. Infective endocarditis in childhood: 2015 update: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2015 Oct;132(15):1487-1515. Accessed 18 Apr 2016. PMID: 26373317
  35. Habib G, Lancellotti P, Antunes MJ, et al. 2015 ESC Guidelines for the management of infective endocarditis: The Task Force for the Management of Infective Endocarditis of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Endorsed by: EuropeanAssociation for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (EACTS), the European Association of Nuclear Medicine (EANM). Eur Heart. 2015 Nov;36(44):3075-3128. Accessed 18 Apr 2016. PMID: 26320109
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