Infective endocarditis is an infection of the endocardial surface of the heart including infections of the large thoracic vessels and intracardiac foreign bodies characterized by the presence of vegetation which is a nidus for microorganism invasion.
Native valve endocarditis is an endovascular microbial infection of native heart valves that may be local including valvular and perivalvular destruction or distal due to detachment of septic vegetations with embolism, metastatic infection and septicemia.
Prosthetic valve endocarditis is an endovascular microbial infection of prosthetic heart valves and may be classified as an infection likely to have been acquired perioperatively and thus being nosocomial or likely to have been community-acquired.
Baseline body mass index (BMI) and, to a lesser extent, school socioeconomic status are associated with subsequent weight status in schoolchildren, according to a study. Lifestyle behaviours show a lower effect as compared with prior BMI, but children with a healthier lifestyle have a reduced risk of overweight and obesity at follow-up.
Use of electronic vapour products (EVP), or vaping, has been associated with an increased likelihood of engaging in sexual and substance-use risk behaviours among US teenagers, according to data from the 2017 National Youth Risk Behaviour Survey presented at the Paediatric Academic Societies (PAS) 2019 Meeting.
Parenteral antibiotic therapy duration for bacteraemic urinary tract infection (UTI) in young infants may be safely shortened, according to a recent study showing that recurrence and readmission or emergency department revisitation rates are comparable between a ≤7-day and a longer therapy course.