Children who are fully vaccinated against the flu, ie, receive the recommended number of influenza vaccine doses, have a lower risk of acquiring influenza compared with those who are partially vaccinated, a US study found.
Children admitted to paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) due to necrotizing pneumonia (NP) are mostly around 3 years of age, with pneumococcus being the main causative agent, reports a study. In addition, the evolution towards NP appears to be faster compared to other aetiologies.
For COVID-19 patients under home quarantine, administering nocturnal oxygen therapy at the early stage of the disease may prevent its worsening by inhibiting the rapid replication of the virus and improving the patients’ antiviral ability, according to a team of researchers.
Dental and oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS) healthcare practitioners have a crucial role to play in identifying victims of domestic violence and abuse (DVA), according to a recent UK clinical letter.
Treatment with either angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) or angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) not only help control blood pressure (BP) in hypertensive patients but may also confer protection against viral infections, a study has found.
Infection during hospitalization is an important risk factor for early stroke recurrence during hospitalization in patients with acute ischaemic stroke (AIS), although there is no evidence of a sustained effect on long-term recurrence risk, a study has found.
Comprehensive recommendations on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) for cancer patients have become available following review of guidelines from 63 national/international oncology societies. [Lancet Oncol 2020, doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(20)30278-3]
A retrospective cohort study of nearly 2,000 patients hospitalized with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) found a higher rate of ischaemic stroke compared with a cohort of patients with influenza A/B.
Symptomatic infections, including fever, pneumonia, and lymphocyte count <2.0 × 109/L, are associated with prolonged duration of viral shedding in children with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), according to a recent study. Additionally, younger age, increased hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), and pneumonia are independent risk factor for symptomatic infection in this population.
Urogenital infections remain a major reason for women to visit their family physician and their subsequent referral to obstetrics and gynaecology or urology specialists. The association between abnormal vaginal microbiota and an increased risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), as well as an increased rate of preterm labour, indicates the need to better understand and manage urogenital health in women. Probiotics are “live microorganisms which, when administered in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit on the host”. As such, there is a sound rationale for using probiotics to maintain female vaginal and bladder health.
The odds of women passing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) to their sexual partners appear to be low, with two studies showing no evidence of the disease-causing SARS-CoV-2 virus existing in the vaginal fluids of infected patients.