At the recent 4th National Aids Conference, Dr Charles Hicks, Senior Global Medical Director, ViiV Healthcare, US, spoke about the evolution of HIV care and how future advancements will impact the lives of persons living with HIV. Hicks, who is only recently joined ViiV Healthcare, said the cure for HIV is still likely far in the future. In the meantime, the only option is antiretroviral therapy (ART). However, despite the absence of a cure, the outlook for patients living with HIV has improved by leaps and bounds since the first antiretroviral zidovudine (AZT) was released.
Dr Indumathi Venkatachalam, a consultant at the Department of Infectious Diseases, Singapore General Hospital, speaks to Roshini Claire Anthony on how GPs can help ensure early detection of tuberculosis (TB).
With increasing affordability and availability of international travel, many endemic infections once restricted to overseas regions are now not uncommonly seen in our locality. Three cases of important arthropod-borne infections from returned travellers are reported and discussed.
Dr Ravichandran Nadarajah, a consultant at the Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Singapore General Hospital, speaks to Roshini Claire Anthony on the importance of early diagnosis and prevention of cervical cancer.
Dr Ravichandran Nadarajah, a consultant at the Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Singapore General Hospital, speaks to Roshini Claire Anthony on the significant role played by GPs in ensuring early diagnosis and prevention of cervical cancer.
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is associated with conditions such as gastritis, peptic ulcer, gastric cancer, and certain types of lymphoma. A common presenting complaint among all these H. pylori-related illnesses is dyspepsia. Dr Desmond Wai from the Desmond Wai Liver and Gastrointestinal Diseases Centre, Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre, Singapore, speaks on the important role general practitioners (GPs) play in recognizing, diagnosing, and treating H. pylori.
A 73-year-old man presented with 1 week’s history of progressive epigastric pain. The pain was dull in nature and the patient reported no vomiting or radiation of pain. On presentation, the patient was found to have a low-grade fever (temperature, 37.8°C). There was no tea-coloured urine. The patient had enjoyed good past health except for a previous surgery for spinal injury.
This is the case of a 77-year-old man with a history of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). In September 2015, he was admitted to a regional hospital in Hong Kong due to fever and shortness of breath, and was diagnosed with pneumonia, the fourth episode in his life.
A strong belief in the necessity of medication is associated with better adherence to oral disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) or prednisone, while higher self-efficacy correlates with poor adherence, in a diverse cohort of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), suggests a study.
Compelling evidence indicates weight bias, in which obese students appear to do less well in tertiary education than their healthy weight peers, according to a systematic review. University/college attainment appears to be less impacted by socioeconomic factors than school-based achievement.
Apixaban slashes the risk of recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) by 90 percent in cancer patients compared with the low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) dalteparin, with no increase in major bleeding risk, according to the ADAM VTE study presented at ASH 2018.