An increase in intensive care unit (ICU) management and bacterial pneumonia development occurs in children with special risk medical conditions (SRMC), but a rise in the probability of death or need for mechanical ventilation remains inconsistent, suggests a recent study.
The severity criteria of the British Thoracic Society (BTS) guideline for paediatric community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) boast of a fair to excellent capacity in predicting the need for hospitalization (NFH) and disposition, a study has shown.
The 30-day all-cause mortality is similar between definitive therapy with vancomycin or a beta-lactam among patients with an ampicillin-susceptible enterococcal bloodstream infection (BSI), a recent study has shown.
Monthly supplementation with high-dose vitamin D does little to stave off the risk of developing acute respiratory infection in older adults with low prevalence of profound vitamin D deficiency, a study has found.
Women who develop infection during delivery hospitalization are at higher risk of being readmitted for ischaemic stroke within 30 days postpartum, especially those with no hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, a study reports.
A third of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) patients with cirrhosis have been readmitted in a span of 30 days primarily due to recurrent CDI, a recent study has found. In addition, there is a high rate of mortality linked to CDI in patients with cirrhosis, in which a poor prognosis is predicted by decompensation and 30-day readmission.
The high-dose influenza vaccine confers no additional protection beyond the standard-dose vaccine (SDV) in terms of all-cause mortality or influenza-related outcomes in adults undergoing maintenance haemodialysis, as shown in a recent study.
Infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) does not appear to independently affect pregnancy outcomes, although it contributes to prolonged infertility, higher odds of secondary infertility, ovulatory disorders and reduced implantation rate, a study has found.
Scientists from the Department of Microbiology, University of Hong Kong (HKU) recently discovered a compound with broad antiviral activity against viruses causing Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), avian flu (H7N9), severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Zika fever.
How does it feel to be told one has contracted HIV? How equipped are doctors when breaking the news to a patient that he or she has been diagnosed with HIV? Are we able to provide people living with HIV (PLHIV) the counselling and skills required to take them through this difficult period of life? MIMS Doctor speaks to Dr Julian Hong, a general physician practicing in Singapore, about the challenges faced by both patients and doctors when faced with the difficult topic of HIV.