Direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) are effective for chronic hepatitis C even in elderly adults, resulting in respectable rates sustained virological response (SVR) independently of age, a recent study has shown.
The chlamydia vaccine candidate CTH522 shows therapeutic potential in a phase I trial, being safe and well tolerated when adjuvanted with either CAF01 liposomes or aluminium hydroxide. Both vaccine formulations induce anti-CTH522 IgG seroconversion, although CTH522:CAF01 has a better immunogenicity profile.
Maternal bacterial infections during pregnancy appears to increase the risk for psychotic disorders in offspring, a recent study has shown. This association varies by infection severity and offspring sex.
Use of direct-acting antivirals to treat hepatitis C virus (HCV) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with documented response to therapy appears to yield a significant reduction in mortality, as shown in a recent study.
Use of direct acting antivirals (DAAs) to treat hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is feasible during pregnancy, as these drugs are highly effective and treatment duration is relatively short, according to a study. In addition, DAA treatment helps improve maternal health and prevent vertical transmission.
The combination of sofosbuvir and velpatasvir is safe and effective for the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing haemodialysis, a study has shown.
The combination of sofosbuvir, velpatasvir and voxilaprevir (SOF/VEL/VOX) is safe and effective as rescue therapy for hepatitis C patients in whom prior direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) had failed, a new study has found.
In children admitted for orbital complications of acute rhinosinusitis (ARS), the most important causes of medical treatment failure are older age and stage II/III orbital complications at presentation, a recent study has shown.
Macrolide antibiotics are derived from the Streptomycesspecies. These contain either 14-membered (erythromycin [ERM],clarithromycin [CAM], roxithromycin [RXM]), 15-membered(azithromycin [AZM]) or 16-membered (spiramycin, josamycin,midecamycin) macrocyclic lactone rings. They inhibit proteinsynthesis by reversibly binding to the 23S ribosomal RNA (rRNA)in the 50s subunit of the bacterial ribosome. Traditionally,macrolides are used as first-line agents in respiratory, skin,soft tissue, and urogenital infections, and they are also activeagainst gram-positive cocci and atypical pathogens.
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) remains as one of the world’s leading causes of mortality in global public health. Dr Charles Hicks shared his insights into the increasing role of dolutegravir (DTG; Tivicay, GSK) – an integrase strand transfer inhibitor (INSTI) – in HIV therapy during the 4th National AIDS Conference 2018 at Swiss Garden International Hotel and Residences, Kuala Lumpur.
Cryptococcosis is more common in nonhuman immunodeficiency virus (HIV) nontransplant (NHNT) patients, and this population tends to have more localized pulmonary cryptococcosis and significantly higher 90-day mortality, reports a study.