Infectious fungal diseases (IFDs) are potentially lethal complications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and are primarily caused by Candida albicans, Cryptococcus neoformans and Aspergillus fumigatus, a new study has found. Prolonged hyperglycaemia may further worsen outcomes.
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection continues to be the leading indication of liver transplantation (LT) among patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), trailed by nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and alcoholic liver disease (ALD), a recent study has found.
Persistent or chronic viral infections, such as Epstein-Barr virus and cytomegalovirus, may promote the development, but not exacerbation, of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, according to the results of a meta-analysis.
Among Filipino patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), the use of immunosuppressive and corticosteroid contributes to an increased risk of developing herpes zoster infection, a study has found. The risk is even higher in lupus nephritis patients exposed to intravenous cyclophosphamide and mycophenolate mofetil.
The combination of glecaprevir and pibrentasvir (G/P) may be a viable option for patients with genotype 1 hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection who had failed prior treatment with sofosbuvir and a nonstructural protein inhibitor, a new study has shown.
The acute respiratory infection definition set by the World Health Organization (WHO) is suitable for initial screening for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) among infants aged <6 months, while the alternative syndromic case definition is considered as the most robust for confirmation of cases in this population, suggests a study.
Febrile infants aged between 61 and 90 days appear to have a high prevalence of invasive bacterial infection (IBI), lending support to obtaining urine and blood tests in this population, suggests a recent study.
A 10-day or 14-day sequential therapy strategy is more cost-effective than a conventional triple therapy in the management of patients with Helicobacter pylori infection, in addition to being more effective in terms of eradication of infection, as reported in a study from Egypt.