The risk of gastric cancer in patients cured of Helicobacter pylori appears to be greater in the second decade of follow-up than in the prior 10-year period, with the risk being specific to diffuse-type of disease among those with mild-to-moderate gastric atrophy, a study has reported.
Adding metronidazole to the combination of ceftriaxone plus doxycycline for acute pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) boosts the anaerobic activity of the combined regimen, reducing endometrial anaerobes and Mycoplasma genitalium and improving pelvic tenderness with tolerable safety profile, according to the results of a trial.
Sustained use of lopinavir-combined regimen appears to confer benefits among patients with the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19), with improvement possibly indicated by increasing eosinophils, suggests a recent study.
Almost half of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) do not achieve clear clinical and radiological remission within 10 days after hospitalization, reveals a recent study. Factors associated with poor prognosis include male sex, anorexia and no fever upon admission.
Faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) may be performed in children and young adults to treat Clostridium difficile infection (CDI), with a study showing that the procedure is safe and effective and may be considered earlier in the disease course.
Adding maraviroc to standard combined antiretroviral therapy (c-ART), which consists of three or more ART drugs, does not result in better clinical outcomes among patients initiating treatment for advanced HIV infection, reveals a study.
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common liver-related event in hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients with compensated, advanced chronic liver disease who have achieved sustained virological response through direct-acting antivirals, reports a new study.
Underlying comorbidities and cystostomy in children are associated with an increased risk of urinary tract infection (UTI) caused by extended-spectrum β-lactamase–producing bacteria (ESBL-PB), according to a recent study. However, most ESBL cases are those without any known risk factors.
Urogenital infections remain a major reason for women to visit their family physician and their subsequent referral to obstetrics and gynaecology or urology specialists. The association between abnormal vaginal microbiota and an increased risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), as well as an increased rate of preterm labour, indicates the need to better understand and manage urogenital health in women. Probiotics are “live microorganisms which, when administered in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit on the host”. As such, there is a sound rationale for using probiotics to maintain female vaginal and bladder health.