In children with recurrent acute otitis media (rAOM), the presence of bacterial otopathogen, particularly nontypeable H. influenzae (NTHi), in the middle ear during ventilation tube insertion (VTI) is associated with repeat surgery, according to a recent study.
Helicobacter pylori-eradication therapy in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) leads to greater improvement in homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance but exerts comparable effects on hepatic steatosis and liver enzymes as compared with diet and exercise alone, a study has shown.
Infectious fungal diseases (IFDs) are potentially lethal complications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and are primarily caused by Candida albicans, Cryptococcus neoformans and Aspergillus fumigatus, a new study has found. Prolonged hyperglycaemia may further worsen outcomes.
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection continues to be the leading indication of liver transplantation (LT) among patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), trailed by nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and alcoholic liver disease (ALD), a recent study has found.
Persistent or chronic viral infections, such as Epstein-Barr virus and cytomegalovirus, may promote the development, but not exacerbation, of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, according to the results of a meta-analysis.
White matter (WM) integrity in HIV-infected children is compromised despite early antiretroviral therapy (ART) and viral load (VL) suppression, with damage persisting at 5 years of age and evidence of new damage present, a recent study has shown.