The use of shorter treatment regimens in children with tuberculosis (TB) infection leads to increased rates of completion and fewer adverse events when compared with 9 months of daily isoniazid treatment, a study has shown.
Elderly adults hospitalized for fever or respiratory syndromes are much less likely than younger adults to be recommended for influenza testing, a recent study has shown. This is partly explained by a lower likelihood to present with influenza-like illnesses.
In patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, tenofovir alafenamide (TAF) shows comparable 96-week efficacy and improved renal and bone safety with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF), a recent study has shown.
The fosmidomycin-piperaquine combination therapy appears to have high clinical efficacy and acceptable safety for the treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria, and may thus be considered a viable artemisinin substitute, a recent study shows.
Infection with herpes simplex virus occurs rarely in young infants undergoing meningitis evaluation, with the prevalence peaking in the second week of life and declining substantially in the second month of life, a study reports.
No standard currently exists for the growing number of patients with multidrug-resistant strains of Helicobacter pylori, but a recent study has shown the safety and reliability of a 12-day low-dose rifabutin/high-dose proton pump inhibitor (PPI) regimen in patients infected with triple-resistant strains.
Patients with a first episode of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) are likely to respond to treatment with fidaxomicin with no recurrences, a recent study has shown. On the other hand, those with prior CDI episodes are less likely to respond, especially with >1 prior episode, and more likely to recur, which suggests a greater clinical benefit of fidaxomicin earlier in the course of CDI.
In male partners of infertile couples, infection with herpes simplex virus (HSV) appears to exert a negative effect on two equally important components of semen, spermatozoa and seminal fluid, which may in turn influence fertility, as shown in a recent study.
Two kinds of oral bacteria were associated with an increased risk of pancreatic cancer, according to research presented at the 2016 meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR), held recently in New Orleans, Louisiana, US.
Patients with fluoroquinolone-resistant rectal vault flora appear to have higher odds of developing infectious complications following transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate needle biopsy despite targeted prophylaxis, a study has found.
Increasing daily water intake by 1.5 L can half the risk of recurrent acute uncomplicated cystitis (rAUC) in women, suggests a study presented at the recent Infectious Disease Week (IDWeek) in San Diego, California, US.