Faecal microbiota transplantation combined with vancomycin is superior to vancomycin alone or fidaxomicin alone in patients with recurrent Clostridium difficile (rCDI) infections, a recent study has found.
Specimen obtained via nasopharyngeal wash has shown that respiratory viruses are readily detectable in febrile infants ≤90 days of life, according to a study. In addition, it is possible that rates of coinfection of respiratory viruses and serious bacterial infection (SBI) are higher than previously thought with the enhanced sensitivity of molecular respiratory diagnostics.
Combination treatment with glecaprevir plus pibrentasvirproduces a sustained virological response in more than 90 percent of hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected patients who previously failed direct-acting antiviral (DAA) treatments, regardless of liver fibrosis stage, a study has shown.
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) appears to be associated with an elevated risk of high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and cervical neoplasia in women, with the risk increase possibly related to the use of immunosuppressants, as reported in a recent study.
The risk for cefepime nonsusceptible gram-negative infections is higher in haematopoietic cell transplant patients with acute gastrointestinal graft versus host disease (GvHD), extensive chronic GvHD, advanced age, previous healthcare exposures, or infections with Klebsiella and Acinetobacter, a recent study has shown.
Paediatric hospitalizations for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) are more likely to progress to severe CAP among patients of younger age, with congenital heart disease, respiratory distress symptoms/tachypnoea, abnormal white blood cells and C-reactive protein results, as well as complications, reports a China study.
Patients using long-acting opioids with immunosuppressive properties are at greater risk of developing serious infections compared with those using the nonimmunosuppressive opioid counterpart, according to a study.
A higher frequency of enterovirus, but not adenovirus, infection during early childhood may increase the risk of later coeliac disease, suggests a recent study, adding new data on the role of viral infections in the aetiology of coeliac disease.