Respiratory infections, particularly influenza, may increase the risk of treatment failure in children with asthma who present to emergency departments (EDs) with exacerbations, a secondary analysis of the DOORWAY* study revealed.
The use of ethanol lock therapy did not reduce treatment failure of central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) in patients with cancer or haematological disorders, but was associated with an increased risk of catheter occlusion, a recent study found.
Prescribing antibiotics despite no indication of infection to patients hospitalized with asthma was associated with longer hospital stay, a higher risk of antibiotic-related diarrhoea, and elevated hospitalization costs, according to a study presented at the recent American Thoracic Society conference (ATS 2018).
The use of procalcitonin assays had little impact on antibiotic exposure in patients who presented to emergency departments (ED) with suspected lower respiratory tract infections, according to findings of the ProACT* trial presented at the recent sessions of the American Thoracic Society (ATS 2018).
The combined use of piperacillin and tazobactam does not appear to be a suitable alternative to meropenem for patients with bloodstream infections caused by ceftriaxone-resistant Escherichia coli (E. coli) or Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae), according to results of the MERINO* trial.
Patients hospitalized with gram-negative bacteraemia have similar outcomes regardless of whether they receive a 7-day or 14-day course of antibiotic therapy, according to a study presented at ECCMID 2018.
While a 6-day course of flucloxacillin appeared as effective as a 12-day course in curing and reducing short-term risk of relapse among patients hospitalized for cellulitis, the 6-day course led to a greater risk of relapse at 90 days, according to a study from The Netherlands.
A set of statistical models running on the Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator (LASSO) method is used to forecast the incidence of dengue in Singapore and to manage potential outbreaks, reveals an analyst.