Hypothyroidism is a common endocrine disorder where in the thyroid does not make enough thyroid hormone.
Subclinical/mild hypothyroidism refers to the state of slightly increased serum TSH with normal serum FT4 in patients who are usually asymptomatic.
Most common cause of primary hypothyroidism is autoimmune thyroiditis or Hashimoto's disease.
Levothyroxine is the first-line agent for treatment of hypothyroidism.
Asian patients with end-stage renal failure (ESRF) had almost triple the risk of death within 1 year after hip fracture surgery, making ESRF an independent predictor for 1-year mortality, a recent study found.
The amount of added sugars in the diet, especially when present in processed foods, appears to increase the risk of frailty in older people, a recent study suggests. Low levels of physical activity and unintentional weight loss are the frailty components more closely associated with added sugars.
The transcultural Diabetes Nutrition Algorithm (tDNA) which involves a structured low-calorie meal plan, diabetes-specific meal replacements and enhanced physical activity, is effective for weight loss in patients with type 2 diabetes, a local study shows. [BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care 2017;5(1):e000384. Doi:10.1136/bmjdrc-2016-000384th]