hyponatremia
HYPONATREMIA

Hyponatremia is serum sodium concentration <135 mEq/L due to failure of normal water excretion.

Most common causes are medication effects, fluid retention and syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH).

Volume status should be assessed to help determine the underlying cause.

Commonly, patients with hyponatremia are asymptomatic and it is only an incidental finding.

 

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