hypomagnesemia%20-and-%20hypermagnesemia
HYPOMAGNESEMIA & HYPERMAGNESEMIA
Hypomagnesemia is having a serum magnesium concentration of <1.3 mEq/L.
Patients with mild hypomagnesemia is asymptomatic and have usually a serum Mg >0.5 mmol/L. While those with moderate-severe hypomagnesemia, the patient is symptomatic and have serum Mg <5 mmol/L.
Hypermagnesemia signs and symptoms usually do not appear unless Mg >2 mmol/L (5 mg/dL). It rarely occurs and usually iatrogenic.

Hypomagnesemia & Hypermagnesemia References

  1. Agus ZS. Hypomagnesemia. J Am Soc Nephrol. 1999 Jul;10(7):1616-1622. PMID: 10405219
  2. Dacey MJ. Hypomagnesemic disorders. Crit Care Clin. 2001 Jan;17(1):155-173. PMID: 11219227
  3. Weisinger JR, Bellorin-Font E. Electrolyte quintet: magnesium and phosphorus. Lancet. 1998 Aug;352(9125):391-396. PMID: 9717944
  4. Diseases of the parathyroid gland and other hyper- and hypocalcemic disorders. Harrison's Online: McGraw-Hill Companies; 2003.
  5. Introduction to bone and mineral metabolism. Harrison's Online: McGraw-Hill Companies; 2003.
  6. MedWormhttp://www.medworm.com/rss/index.php/Pediatrics/33/http://www.medworm.com/rss/medicalfeeds/specialities/Pediatrics.xml
  7. Vanden Hoek TL, Morrison LJ, Shuster M, et al. Part 12: cardiac arrest in special situations: 2010 American Heart Association Guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care. Circulation. 2010 Nov;122(Suppl 18):S829-S861. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.110.971069. PMID: 20956228
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Endocrinology - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
23 hours ago
Routinely used for treating cardiovascular diseases, statins have been shown to benefit other conditions, and new evidence suggests that using the drug at high intensity reduces the risk of hip or knee replacement, an effect that may be specific to rheumatoid arthritis.
Pearl Toh, 29 Jun 2020
Having migraine during midlife appears to be associated with a higher risk of developing dementia in later life, according to a large population-based longitudinal Danish study presented at the AHS* 2020 Virtual Meeting, indicating that migraine may be a risk factor for dementia.
30 Jun 2020
Patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) often suffer from liver abnormalities, which are associated with higher body mass index (BMI), daily consumption of alcohol, more severe disease, and some therapies, according to a recent study.
Christina Lau, 5 days ago

Pembrolizumab in combination with chemotherapy significantly improves progression-free survival (PFS) vs chemotherapy alone in patients with previously untreated, locally recurrent inoperable or metastatic triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), results of the KEYNOTE-355 study have shown.