Hypomagnesemia is having a serum magnesium concentration of <1.3 mEq/L.
Patients with mild hypomagnesemia is asymptomatic and have usually a serum Mg >0.5 mmol/L. While those with moderate-severe hypomagnesemia, the patient is symptomatic and have serum Mg <5 mmol/L.
Hypermagnesemia signs and symptoms usually do not appear unless Mg >2 mmol/L (5 mg/dL). It rarely occurs and usually iatrogenic.
Empagliflozin treatment in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus exerts beneficial effects on cardiovascular (CV) risk factors, including blood pressure and uric acid, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Metformin continues to protect high-risk individuals from developing type 2 diabetes (T2D) over 15 years, especially among those with higher glycaemic status at baseline and women reporting a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), according to long-term results from DPP/DPPOS*.
One anastomosis gastric bypass is as effective as the standard Roux-en-Y procedure in terms of weight loss and metabolic improvements 24 months after the surgery, according to the results of the open-label YOMEGA trial.
Due to the increasing global prevalence of obesity, older adults may live more years of their remaining life with limited physical function and activities in daily living (ADLs), according to a study, adding that older adults, their families and healthcare systems should be aware of this problem.