hypomagnesemia%20-and-%20hypermagnesemia
HYPOMAGNESEMIA & HYPERMAGNESEMIA
Hypomagnesemia is having a serum magnesium concentration of <1.3 mEq/L.
Patients with mild hypomagnesemia is asymptomatic and have usually a serum Mg >0.5 mmol/L. While those with moderate-severe hypomagnesemia, the patient is symptomatic and have serum Mg <5 mmol/L.
Hypermagnesemia signs and symptoms usually do not appear unless Mg >2 mmol/L (5 mg/dL). It rarely occurs and usually iatrogenic.

Diagnosis

Mild Hypomagnesemia

  • Patient is usually asymptomatic
  • Serum Mg is usually >0.5 mmol/L (1.2 mg/dL)

Moderate-Severe Hypomagnesemia

  • Patient is usually symptomatic
  • Serum Mg is usually <0.5 mmol/L (1.2 mg/dL)

Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Endocrinology - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
02 May 2019
At a recent Abbott lunch symposium held in conjunction with the joint 12th International Diabetes FederationWestern Pacific Region Congress & 10th Asian Association for the Study of Diabetes Scientific Meeting in KualaLumpur, Professor Shashank R. Joshi extensively discussed the issue of diabetes in obesity and the role of nutritionalintervention in addressing this growing problem.
Dr Joslyn Ngu, 19 Jun 2018

The transcultural Diabetes Nutrition Algorithm (tDNA) which involves a structured low-calorie meal plan, diabetes-specific meal replacements and enhanced physical activity, is effective for weight loss in patients with type 2 diabetes, a local study shows. [BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care 2017;5(1):e000384. Doi:10.1136/bmjdrc-2016-000384th]