Late onset hypogonadism is defined as clinical and biochemical syndrome characterized by older age, set of typical symptoms, and deficiency in serum testosterone levels.
The quality of life may be decreased and multiple organ systems may be adversely affected.
Prior to the start of testosterone substitution, there should be confirmation of low serum testosterone and a confirmation of need based on clinical findings.
Only if the potential benefit exceeds the risk, then replacement testosterone should be started.
Long-term testosterone therapy in obese men with hypogonadism led to sustained weight loss and improvements in multiple anthropometric parameters, according to an observational study presented at ENDO 2019.
Hypogonadal men with type 2 diabetes are highly likely to have higher bone mass density (BMD), poorer bone geometry and relatively suppressed bone turnover compared with their nondiabetic counterparts, a study has shown.
Increased coffee consumption appears to lower the risk of colon adenoma, results of a meta-analysis have shown. However, this association should be carefully considered due to latent confusion and different exposure classification.
Pneumonia is a common infection– affecting around 3,200 people inSingapore in 2016 – making it the thirdmost common cause of hospitalisation inthe country. Its common complications,especially with delayed or inappropriatetreatment, include bacteraemia andseptic shock, lung abscesses, pleuraleffusions, empyema, pleurisy, respiratoryfailure and renal failure.
At a Menarini-sponsored symposium held during the Asian Pacific Society Congress, renowned cardiologist Prof John Camm provided the latest evidence for chronic stable angina with or without concomitant diseases, with a special focus on the antianginal agent ranolazine and combination therapies. The event was chaired and moderated by Dr Dante Morales from the University of the Philippines College of Medicine.