hypocalcemia
HYPOCALCEMIA
Hypocalcemia is the occurs when serum calcium concentration is below the lower limit of normal range.
Acute hypocalcemia has neuromuscular tetany as hallmark symptom. Patients have rapid decrease in serum calcium and present with symptomatic hypocalcemia.
It is an emergency condition and requires immediate attention. Ca (IV) should be administered until signs and symptoms abate or until serum Ca levels rise.
Chronic hypocalcemia has asymptomatic mild hypocalcemia. Treatment is necessary to avoid long term complications. Oral Ca may be administered.

Follow Up

  • Monitor serum Ca for the 1st month
    • Daily if severe hypocalcemia
    • Wkly if moderate hypocalcemia
  • Measure serum parathyroid hormone levels, 24 hr urinary Ca w/in 2-4 wk of start of therapy
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Endocrinology - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
Pearl Toh, 20 Apr 2018
The investigational oral synthetic androgen dimethandrolone undecanoate (DMAU) suppresses serum testosterone levels to near castrate levels and appears safe when taken once daily for a month, showing potential as a male contraceptive pill, according to a study.
02 Aug 2018
Men and women who regularly eat seafood appear to have higher sexual intercourse frequency (SIF) and fecundity in a large prospective cohort of couples attempting pregnancy, suggests a study.
12 Apr 2018
In the context of low-glycaemic index (GI) dietary patterns, eating pasta does not contribute to adiposity and may even reduce body weight and body mass index (BMI) compared with higher-GI dietary patterns, a recent study has found.
22 Jun 2018
There appears to be no adverse changes in cardiometabolic markers among individuals with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes (T2D) who consumed a 3-month high-egg weight-loss diet with a 6-month follow-up compared with those who consumed a low-egg weight-loss diet, suggests a recent study.