Hypocalcemia is the occurs when serum calcium concentration is below the lower limit of normal range.
Acute hypocalcemia has neuromuscular tetany as hallmark symptom. Patients have rapid decrease in serum calcium and present with symptomatic hypocalcemia.
It is an emergency condition and requires immediate attention. Ca (IV) should be administered until signs and symptoms abate or until serum Ca levels rise.
Chronic hypocalcemia has asymptomatic mild hypocalcemia. Treatment is necessary to avoid long term complications. Oral Ca may be administered.
A low glycaemic index (GI) meal plan consisting of commonly consumed foods in Asia yields reductions in glycaemic response and variability over 24 hours, as well as promotes fat oxidation, in sedentary, normal-weight men, according to a team of Singapore-based researchers.