hypertension
HYPERTENSION
Hypertension is the medical term for high blood pressure. Persistent high blood pressure can lead to increased strain to the heart and arteries that can eventually cause organ damage.
To classify the blood pressure, it must be based on ≥2 properly measured, seated blood pressure readings on each of ≥2 office visits.
Patients who have a blood pressure reading of 140 SBP or 90 DBP or both can be diagnosed as hypertensive patients.
Goals of therapy are to manage hypertension that can maintain the patient's normal blood pressure and identify and treat all reversible risk factors.

Introduction


  • Hypertension is the medical term for high blood pressure
  • Symptoms may come from secondary causes, concomitant diseases, or from target organ damage (TOD)
  • Patients who have a blood pressure reading of ≥140 mmHg systolic blood pressure (SBP) or ≥90 mmHg diastolic blood pressure (DBP) or both (measured on two occasions 1-4 weeks apart) can be diagnosed as hypertensive patients
  • Assessment with lab tests and imaging may be done to exclude secondary causes, additional cardiovascular risk factors, or TOD
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Cardiology - Malaysia digital copy today!
DOWNLOAD
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
Jairia Dela Cruz, 6 days ago
Even small risk reductions achieved with improved air quality afford health benefits similar to that gained with smoking and systolic hypertension control, according to a study in an urban China population.
25 May 2017
At a recent lunch symposium during the 14th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Malaysian Society of Hypertension, Dr Chow Yok Wai spoke on the importance of patient adherence in the management of hypertension, highlighting the role of combination therapy in improving treatment outcomes.
6 days ago
The degree of left atrial (LA) remodeling predicts atrial tachycardia (AT) recurrence rather than atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence following catheter ablation of AF, a recent study has shown.
24 Apr 2017
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely used to treat pain and inflammation in patients with arthritis, but the vascular effects of some NSAIDs have cast doubt on whether they can be used in patients at risk for cardiovascular (CV) disease. At the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2016 held recently in New Orleans, Louisiana, US, Professor Steven Nissen of the Cleveland Clinic in Cleveland, Ohio, US, presented latest data from the PRECISION (Prospective Randomized Evaluation of Celecoxib Integrated Safety vs Ibuprofen or Naproxen) trial that evaluated the CV risk and safety profile of the selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor celecoxib vs nonselective NSAIDs.