hypertension
HYPERTENSION
Hypertension is the medical term for high blood pressure. Persistent high blood pressure can lead to increased strain to the heart and arteries that can eventually cause organ damage.
To classify the blood pressure, it must be based on ≥2 properly measured, seated blood pressure readings on each of ≥2 office visits.
Patients who have a blood pressure reading of 130 SBP or ≥80 DBP or both can be diagnosed as hypertensive patients.
Goals of therapy are to manage hypertension that can maintain the patient's normal blood pressure and identify and treat all reversible risk factors.

Introduction


  • Hypertension is the medical term for high blood pressure
  • Symptoms may come from secondary causes, concomitant diseases, or from target organ damage (TOD)
  • Patients who have a blood pressure reading of ≥130 mmHg systolic blood pressure (SBP) or ≥80 mmHg diastolic blood pressure (DBP) or both (measured on two occasions 1-4 weeks apart) can be diagnosed as hypertensive patients
  • Assessment with lab tests and imaging may be done to exclude secondary causes, additional cardiovascular risk factors, or TOD
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Cardiology - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
Pearl Toh, 07 Aug 2018
A home-based, self-applied wearable electrocardiogram (ECG) patch facilitates diagnosis of atrial fibrillation (AF) among high-risk individuals, according to the mSToPS* trial.
02 Aug 2018
Intravenous vasodilator therapy confers survival benefits and superior diuretic response in patients with acute heart failure (AHF), provided that systolic (SBP) reduction is <25 percent, according to a posthoc analysis.
06 Aug 2018
In patients with uncontrolled blood pressure and severe hypertension, microvascular dysfunction is more pronounced and serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and endothelin levels are elevated, a recent study has found.
08 Aug 2018
Early detection of masked hypertension is essential, since young apparently healthy adults already show an increased left ventricular mass index, which indicates higher risk for future cardiovascular disease, according to a recent study.