Hypertension is the medical term for high blood pressure. Persistent high blood pressure can lead to increased strain to the heart and arteries that can eventually cause organ damage.
To classify the blood pressure, it must be based on ≥2 properly measured, seated blood pressure readings on each of ≥2 office visits.
Goals of therapy are to manage hypertension that can maintain the patient's normal blood pressure and identify and treat all reversible risk factors.
Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) or angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) show superiority over other blood pressure (BP)-lowering medications in terms of reducing high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and procalcitonin levels in COVID-19 patients with pre-existing hypertension, as shown in a recent study.
Concomitant use of fimasartan and rosuvastatin in patients with hypertension and dyslipidaemia does not appear to be synergistic in increasing concurrent control rate of the diseases, although either drug is effective against the target disease, according to a study.
Long-term nursing home residents treated for hypertension are less likely to receive and more likely to discontinue treatment with a thiazide diuretic than any other first-line antihypertensive medication, a study reports. However, the drug does not carry an increased risk of incontinence or hospitalization and may thus be a reasonable first-line blood pressure (BP)-lowering treatment choice in this population.
Young obese women with elevated blood pressure (BP) levels may benefit from mat Pilates training, which has been shown in a recent study to improve systemic arterial stiffness, aortic BP and wave reflection, as well as reduce body fat.
Self-reported early onset of hypertension (<35 years of age) is strongly related to a higher likelihood of having left ventricular hypertrophy and coronary calcification, among others, in midlife, a study reports. This suggests that self-reported age at onset is feasible for evaluating the risk of hypertension-mediated organ damage.
The potent sympatholytic agent reserpine provides blood pressure (BP)-lowering benefits to hypertensive individuals whose BP remains uncontrolled on maximal antihypertensive therapy, according to the results of a proof-of-concept study.
Blood pressure (BP) control can be best achieved with a multilevel, multicomponent approach involving team-based care with physician- and non-physician-led interventions, as well as patient-level strategies, according to findings of a meta-analysis.
Not only are probiotics healthy for the gut, they may also be good for the waistline. A recent study shows that supplementation with the probiotic Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis CECT 8145 (Ba8145) improves anthropometric adiposity measures such as waist circumference, body mass index (BMI), and visceral fat area in abdominally obese individuals, particularly in women.