hyperaldosteronism
HYPERALDOSTERONISM
Hyperaldosteronism is a group of disorders in which aldosterone production is inappropriately high, relatively autonomous & non-suppressible by sodium loading.
Signs & symptoms are nonspecific.
Symptoms are caused by hypertension (eg headache), hypokalemia (eg polyuria, nocturia, muscle cramps & weakness, tetany, paralysis, etc) & metabolic alkalosis.

Surgical Intervention

Laparoscopic adrenalectomy
  • It is recommended that the presence of a unilateral form of primary aldosteronism should be established before undergoing laparoscopic adrenalectomy
  • It was found to have improved blood pressure and serum potassium concentrations postsurgically
    • Blood pressure typically normalizes or shows improvement in 1-6 months postoperative and value may continue to fall up to 1 year in some patients
  • Laparoscopic is preferred than open adrenalectomy due to associated shorter hospital stay and fewer complications
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