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HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS INFECTION
Primary herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection is first infection with either herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) or herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV-2) in individuals who do not have antibodies to either HSV-1 or HSV-2.
First episode-non primary infection is infection with either HSV-1 or HSV-2 in individuals who have previously existing antibodies against HSV-1 or HSV-2 respectively.
Recurrent HSV infection results from reactivation of latent virus. It is usually brought about by triggering factors eg UV light, immunosuppression.
Orolabial HSV disease is mostly caused by HSV-1 that occurs most commonly in children <5 years of age. It is transmitted through close contact with individuals who have active viral shedding.
Genital HSV disease is caused by HSV-2 that is the usual cause of herpes genitalis. It typically occurs in adults and transmitted through sexual contact.

Definition

Primary Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) Infection

  • 1st infection w/ either herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) or herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV-2) in individuals who do not have antibodies to either HSV-1 or HSV-2

First Episode - Nonprimary Infection

  • Infection w/ either HSV-1 or HSV-2 in individuals who have previously existing antibodies against HSV-1 or HSV-2 respectively

Recurrent Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) Infection

  • Results from reactivation of latent virus
  • Usually brought about by triggering factors (eg UV light, immunosuppression, trauma, stress, febrile illness)
  • Less severe & becomes less frequent w/ time
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Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common condition defined as the persistent inability to achieve or maintain an erection sufficient for satisfactory sexual performance.1 It is one of the most common complaints in men’s sexual medicine, affecting both physical and psychosocial health and having a significant impact on the patient and partner’s quality of life.1 Moreover, ED is commonly associated with other comorbid conditions, including hypertension, dyslipidaemia and diabetes mellitus.1

Evaluation of ED should include a detailed medical and sexual history of the patient. 1 A discussion of the patient and partner’s preference and treatment goals is essential to better tailor treatment and improve patient satisfaction and adherence to treatment.2 Lifestyle modification and management of risk factors should precede pharmacotherapy, while first-line treatment with oral phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5i) is well established for the management of patients with ED.1