Exposure to corticosteroids in patients with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) appears to contribute to increased risks of cataract, diabetes and bone fractures, a study has found. Notably, the fracture risk is elevated at low doses, while the risk of adverse events overall is dose-dependent and is reversible.
Direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) are effective for chronic hepatitis C even in elderly adults, resulting in respectable rates sustained virological response (SVR) independently of age, a recent study has shown.
Patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) may develop significant fibrosis in the absence of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), with risk factors including fasting hyperglycaemia, severe steatosis, mild inflammation and the PNPLA3 I148M variant, according to a recent study.
Nivolumab, used in the first-line treatment of patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), has demonstrated clinically meaningful improvements in overall survival (OS) and response rates vs sorafenib in the phase III CheckMate 459 study, although the improvement in OS did not reach statistical significance.
Adding the neuraminidase inhibitor oseltamivir to usual care speeds up recovery from influenza-like illness by a day compared with usual care alone, with even greater benefits seen in older, sicker patients with comorbidities, according to the ALIC4E study.
At a Menarini-sponsored symposium held during the Asian Pacific Society Congress, renowned cardiologist Prof John Camm provided the latest evidence for chronic stable angina with or without concomitant diseases, with a special focus on the antianginal agent ranolazine and combination therapies. The event was chaired and moderated by Dr Dante Morales from the University of the Philippines College of Medicine.
A prospective cohort study of mothers taking antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and their breastfed infants has found substantially lower AED concentrations in infant vs maternal blood, with nearly half of all obtained AED concentrations in nursing infants being less than the lower limit of quantification (LLoQ).
Testosterone treatment may slightly improve sexual functioning and quality of life in men without underlying organic causes of hypogonadism, but it offers little to no benefit for other common symptoms of ageing, according to a study. In addition, long-term efficacy and safety of this therapy remain unknown.