Intelligent Liver Function Testing (iLFT), an automated investigation algorithm for liver function tests (LFTs), is highly cost-effective, leading to higher rates of liver diagnoses and improvements in quality of care, according to a new study.
Pembrolizumab improved progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) over best supportive care in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), according to the phase III KEYNOTE-240* trial, supporting its role as a treatment option for HCC in the second-line setting.
Prof. Vincent Wong, Prof. Ray Kim, Dr. Tan Poh Seng, 20190910083343
Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) remains a major public health concern because of its worldwide distribution and potential adverse sequelae, including cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). At a recent symposium held during the GIHep Singapore 2019, Professor Vincent Wong from the Chinese University of Hong Kong and Professor Ray Kim from the Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, US, discussed antiviral treatments for CHB, with a focus on the novel agent tenofovir alafenamide (Vemlidy®). Dr Tan Poh Seng from the National University Hospital, Singapore, chaired the symposium.
Overall survival (OS) is currently the primary
criteria in assessing the efficacy of a cancer treatment. Dr Raghav Sundar, a consultant
medical oncologist at the National University Hospital, Singapore, details the
crucial role played by tumour response in evaluating treatment efficacy, with a
focus on the multiple kinase inhibitor lenvatinib in the treatment of
hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
DOACs* were better than warfarin in terms of efficacy and safety for stroke prevention in an Asian population with atrial fibrillation (AF) and liver disease, including patients with significant active liver disease who were usually excluded from pivotal clinical trials, suggests a study based on the Korean national database.
New drug applications approved by US FDA as of 16 - 31 August 2019 which includes New Molecular Entities (NMEs) and new biologics. It does not include Tentative Approvals. Supplemental approvals may have occurred since the original approval date.
Patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) suffer from higher surgical morbidity and posthepatectomy liver failure, according to a new Singapore study.
A Singapore study has shown the association of nosocomial spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (N-SBP) with recent antibiotic use, longer hospitalization, more resistant organism and poorer survival among patients with SBP. Moreover, N-SBP and Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD) score are predictors of higher mortality in SBP.
Treatment with rifaximin for overt hepatic encephalopathy recurrence in patients on liver transplantation waitlist appears to significantly lessen hospital admissions associated with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, ascites and variceal bleeding, a recent study has found. Furthermore, it helps reduce requirement for transplant prioritization and prolong time to hospital readmission.
Type 2 diabetes patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and advanced fibrosis may fare well with long-term use of metformin, as the drug confers marked benefits for transplant-free survival and helps prevent the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), according to a recent study.
The combination of the PD-L1* inhibitor atezolizumab and the VEGF** inhibitor bevacizumab generated substantial and consistent benefits in terms of quality of life (QoL) compared with standard-of-care sorafenib in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who have not received prior systemic therapy, according to the patient-reported outcomes (PROs) from the IMbrave150*** trial presented at ASCO GI 2020.