A technology based on analysis of images taken using a smartphone provides acceptable estimates of total serum bilirubin levels in newborn infants, with an accuracy that does not differ from that of transcutaneous bilirubin measurement, according to a US study.
Patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) who fulfil both APASL* and EASL** criteria have an elevated risk of liver disease-related mortality, according to a retrospective single-centre study conducted in Singapore. The findings also revealed the factors associated with a poorer prognosis.
In choledocholithiasis patients receiving single-staged laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE), prior antibiotic use and abnormal biliary anatomy predict LCBDE failure and conversion to open surgery, according to a recent Singapore study.
Herbal medicines containing nephrotoxins and mutagens in the form of aristolochic acids (AAs) have been previously linked to kidney failure and urinary tract cancer and are banned in some countries in Asia. Still, people are picking them up off the shelf in alternate formulations, unmindful of an equally deadly threat – liver cancer.
The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2015 study showed that the incidence of liver cancer had increased by 75 percent from 1990 to 2015, with hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and alcoholism accounting for most cases of liver cancer deaths.
Virtual hepatic venous pressure gradient (vHVPG), a novel noninvasive approach to assess portal hypertension, is shown to correlate well with the gold-standard invasive method in a recent Chinese study.
An index of three liver-specific microRNAs (the MiR-B Index) could serve as a biomarker of spontaneous or treatment-induced transition from active to inactive chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, facilitating disease monitoring and testing of new antivirals, according to Dr Mauricia Brunetto from the University of Pisa, Italy, who spoke recently at the Asian Pacific Digestive Week (APDW) 2017 in Hong Kong.
A new technology involving the use of monocyte-derived hepatocyte-like (MH) cells has demonstrated high sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury (DILI), data presented at the Asian Pacific Digestive Week (APDW) 2017 held in Hong Kong have shown.
Early liver transplantation (LT) should be considered in selected patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis (SAH) as it significantly improves survival with a low impact on the donor pool, according to recent data presented at the Asian Pacific Digestive Week (APDW) 2017 held in Hong Kong.