Supplementation with probiotics and/or prebiotics may be an effective strategy to improve inflammatory, oxidative, and anthropometric markers in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a new study shows.
Researchers have developed a genetic risk score associated with response to pioglitazone in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), which may ultimately be useful in identifying patients who would benefit from pioglitazone treatment. [Front Pharmacol 2018;9:752]
Hepatitis D virus infection is highly prevalent in subgroups of individuals with intravenous drug use and those with high-risk sexual behaviour, study has reported. Its prevalence has also increased twofold over time in patients infected with hepatitis B virus.
The combination of irinotecan, fluoropyrimidine (FP), and folinic acid (FA) offered progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) benefit as second-line treatment for patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer after first-line gemcitabine-based chemotherapy, according to a meta-analysis.
The types of bariatric surgery differentially affect the risk of developing acute pancreatitis postoperatively, such that the risk is greater in patients who undergo vertical sleeve gastrectomy vs Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery, according to a study. Risk factors include younger age and presence of gallstones.
Smoking appears to increase the risk of abdominal aortic aneurysm, particularly among current smokers, reports a recent meta-analysis. The risk appears to taper with a lower number of cigarette sticks smoked per day.