Helicobacter pylori is a spiral-shaped Gram-negative bacterium involved in the development of gastritis, duodenal and gastric ulcers, and gastric cancer.
Infection is strongly associated with the development of gastric epithelial and lymphoid malignancies.
Acute infection is mostly asymptomatic and is acquired through human-to-human contact via gastro-oral and fecal-oral routes.
Adaptability in gastric conditions and production of urease allow it to colonize the stomach.
Recently, randomized controlled trials and guidelines have brought to light the benefits of extending the duration of H. pylori treatment. Below are summaries of guidelines and trials examining the regimens used to manage the infection.
At the recent Annual Scientific Congress of the Malaysian Society of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (GUT 2016), held at Shangri-La Hotel, Kuala Lumpur, an expert from Hong Kong spoke on the role of direct-acting antivirals as well as pan-genotypic agents that are set to revolutionize hepatitis C treatment.