Heart failure is a clinical syndrome due to a structural or functional cardiac disorder that impairs the ability of the ventricle to fill with or eject blood in order to deliver oxygen at a rate commensurate with the requirements of the metabolizing tissues.
Symptoms are caused by ventricular dysfunction secondary to abnormalities of the myocardium, pericardium, endocardium, valves, heart rhythm and conduction.
Chronic heart failure is a state where patient's signs and symptoms have been unchanged (stable) for at least a month but may decompensate suddenly or slowly when stable chronic heart failure deteriorates leading to hospitalization.
In patients with recurrent pericarditis (RP), the interleukin (IL)-1α and IL-1β cytokine trap rilonacept significantly reduced the risk of recurrence, with rapid resolution of episodes, the RHAPSODY* trial has shown.
Treatment with finerenone led to significantly reduced risk of cardiovascular (CV) events in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and type 2 diabetes (T2D), regardless of their CV disease (CVD) history, according to the FIDELIO-DKD* trial presented at AHA 2020.
Intravenous (IV) iron supplementation with ferric carboxymaltose (FCM) reduces the risk of subsequent hospitalization for heart failure (HF) in iron-deficient patients after an episode of acute HF, shows the AFFIRM-AHF trial presented at the AHA 2020 Meeting.
Patients with high cardiovascular (CV) risk who received a high-dose trivalent influenza vaccine over three influenza seasons did not have a lower risk of cardiopulmonary hospitalization or death compared with those who received a standard-dose quadrivalent vaccine, according to the INVESTED* trial presented at AHA 2020.