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HEART FAILURE - ACUTE
Heart failure is a clinical syndrome caused by cardiac dysfunction usually secondary to myocardial muscle loss or dysfunction.
It is characterized by either left ventricular hypertrophy or dilation or both.
It leads to neurohormonal and circulatory abnormalities.
Acute heart failure is the rapid onset of or change in the signs and symptoms of heart failure.
It arises as a result of cardiac function deterioration in patients previously diagnosed with heart failure or may also be the first presentation of heart failure.
It is characterized by pulmonary congestion, decreased cardiac output and tissue perfusion.
It is a life-threatening condition that needs immediate medical attention.

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