Headache is a very common problem presenting to primary care physicians and neurologists.
Most headaches are diagnosed based on the history & physical exam w/ no imaging or laboratory examination necessary.
Other types of headaches such as secondary headaches may require further evaluation & referral to a specialist.
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  4. Institute of Health Economics Alberta Canada. Guideline for primary care management of headache in adults. Top Alberta Doctors . http://www.topalbertadoctors.org. Jul 2012. Accessed 18 Apr 2015.
  5. MacGregor E, Steiner T, Davies P. Guidelines for all healthcare professionals in the diagnosis and management of migraine, tension-type headache, cluster headache, medication-overuse headache, 3rd edition. British Association for the Study of Headache. http://www.bash.org.uk. 2010. Accessed 16 Apr 2015.
  6. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE). Headaches: diagnosis and management of headaches in young people and adults. NICE clinical guideline 150. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. https://www.nice.org.uk. Sep 2012. Accessed 24 Apr 2015.
  7. Weaver-Agostoni J. Cluster headache. Am Fam Physician. 2013 Jul;88(2):122-128. http://www.aafp.org. Accessed 29 Apr 2015. PMID: 23939643
  8. World Health Organization. Headache disorders. WHO. http://www.who.int. Apr 2016. Accessed 24 Mar 2017.
  9. Headache Classification Committee of the International Headache Society (IHS). The international classification of headache disorders, 3rd edition. Cephalagia. 2018;38(1):1-211. doi: 10.1177/0333102417738202. Accessed 10 Aug 2018. PMID: 29368949
  10. Becker WJ, Findlay T, Moga C, et al. Guideline for primary care management of headache in adults. Can Fam Physician. 2015 Aug;61(8):670-679. PMID: 26273080
  11. Institute of Health Economics Alberta Canada. Primary care management of headache in adults clinical practice guideline. http://www.topalbertadoctors.org. Sep 2016.
  12. Pringsheim T, Davenport WJ, Mackie G, et al on behalf of the Canadian Headache Society Prophylactic Guidelines Development Group. Canadian Headache Society guideline for migraine prophylaxis. Can J Neurol Sci. 2012 Mar;39(2)(Suppl 2):1-59. PMID: 22683887
  13. Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN). Diagnosis and management of headache in adults: a national clinical guideline. SIGN. http://www.sign.ac.uk. Nov 2008.
  14. American Headache Society. The American Headache Society position statement on integrating new migraine treatments into clinical practice. Headache. 2019 Jan;59(1):1-18. doi: 10.1111/head.13456. PMID: 30536394
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