growth%20hormone%20deficiency%20(pediatric)
GROWTH HORMONE DEFICIENCY (PEDIATRIC)
Growth hormone deficiency is a congenital or an acquired growth hormone axis disruption in the higher brain, hypothalamus or pituitary which results in short stature.
It may occur at any age.
Short stature is often the only feature present in patients with growth hormone deficiency and other causes of subnormal growth rate.
Etiology may be congenital conditions (eg defective pituitary development that leads to pituitary aplasia, empty sella, encephalocele, midline defects) or acquired conditions (eg tumors of the hypothalamic-pituitary region, cranial irradiation, infiltrative disease).

Patient Education

  • Educate parents and their affected children about growth hormone deficiency (GHD)
  • Psychological counseling may help children with low self-esteem that may be related to GHD
  • Patients and their parents must learn the technique of subcutaneous growth hormone injection
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One of the most common eye problems that pharmacists will encounter is red eye. Red eye is a clinical sign and not a diagnosis, just like fever is a symptom and not a diagnosis. A red eye is caused by dilation of conjunctival or ciliary blood vessels in the eye. Conjunctival injection mainly affects the vessels at the posterior part and is seen in conjunctivitis. Ciliary injection involves anterior ciliary arteries and usually is seen in inflammation of the cornea, iris or ciliary body.

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