gonorrhea%20-%20uncomplicated%20anogenital%20infection
GONORRHEA - UNCOMPLICATED ANOGENITAL INFECTION
Gonorrhea is a sexually or vertically transmitted infection secondary to Gram-negative diplococcus Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
It is one of the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infections that may cause pelvic inflammatory disease leading to infertility or ectopic pregnancy.
Most of the infected females are asymptomatic but may present with increased or altered vaginal discharge, dysuria, urethral discharge, abnormal vaginal bleeding, vulval itching or burning, dyspareunia, conjunctivitis and proctitis.

Introduction

  •  It is one of the most common sexually transmitted bacterial infections that may cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) leading to infertility or ectopic pregnancy

Definition

  • Gonorrhea is a sexually or vertically transmitted infection secondary to Gram-negative diplococcus Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Signs and Symptoms

  • Most of the infected females are asymptomatic, but may present with:
    • Increased or altered vaginal discharge - most common
    • Dysuria
    • Urethral discharge
    • Abnormal vaginal bleeding
    • Vulval itching or burning
    • Dyspareunia
    • Conjunctivitis
    • Proctitis

Risk Factors

  • <25 years old
  • Unmarried
  • History of previous or concurrent sexually transmitted infection (STI)
  • New or >1 sex partner in the last 3 months
  • Sex partner currently has an STI
  • Sex partner with concurrent partners 
  • Inconsistent use of condom
  • Street involvement (youth on the streets, sex workers)
  • Injection drug use
  • Commercial sex worker
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
5 days ago
In patients with type 2 diabetes, obesity may be protective against vision-threatening diabetic retinopathy, a recent Korea study has shown.
Roshini Claire Anthony, 4 days ago

Men with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC) who receive testosterone suppression therapy may have a better survival outcome with the addition of enzalutamide over other non-steroidal anti-androgen (NSAA) therapies, according to the phase III ENZAMET* trial.

07 Jun 2019
Low-dose aspirin therapy does not confer significant benefits to elderly patients with hypertension, but treatment appears to increase the risk of haemorrhagic events, suggest a Japan study.
4 days ago
The use of opioids may have limited long-term efficacy in the management of chronic noncancer pain, reports a new study.