Gonorrhea is a sexually or vertically transmitted infection secondary to Gram-negative diplococcus Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
It is one of the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infections that may cause pelvic inflammatory disease leading to infertility or ectopic pregnancy.
Most of the infected females are asymptomatic but may present with increased or altered vaginal discharge, dysuria, urethral discharge, abnormal vaginal bleeding, vulval itching or burning, dyspareunia, conjunctivitis and proctitis.
Oral solithromycin may not be a suitable substitute for ceftriaxone plus azithromycin in the first-line treatment of uncomplicated genital gonorrhoea, according to results of the phase III SOLITAIRE-U* trial.
Gentamicin, while not as effective as ceftriaxone in clearing gonorrhoea infection, may be a suitable alternative treatment for patients who are intolerant or resistant to ceftriaxone, according to the G-ToG study.
Treatment with oral zoliflodacin appears to be effective against uncomplicated urogenital and rectal gonococcal infections but not against pharyngeal infections, according to the results of a phase II trial.
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Individuals with obesity are at an elevated risk of developing infections, particularly that of the skin in both men and women, and those of the gastrointestinal and urinary tracts and sepsis in women only, according to a study.
An increase in intensive care unit (ICU) management and bacterial pneumonia development occurs in children with special risk medical conditions (SRMC), but a rise in the probability of death or need for mechanical ventilation remains inconsistent, suggests a recent study.
Oral amoxicillin–clavulanate effectively promotes resolution of nonsevere acute exacerbations in children with non-cystic
fibrosis (CF) bronchiectasis, thus confirming the role of amoxicillin–clavulanate as first-line treatment for bronchiectasis, according to results from the three-arm BEST-1 study.