Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is any degree of glucose intolerance with onset or first recognition during pregnancy.
Hyperglycemia in pregnancy may be suggested by the presence of glycosuria, a fetus that is large for date, or polyhydramnios.
Overt diabetes mellitus may be found in women presenting with risk factors for type 2 diabetes during the first prenatal visit (before 13 weeks of gestation).
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Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM)
Any degree of glucose intolerance with onset or first recognition during pregnancy
It is diabetes that is first diagnosed in the 2nd or 3rd trimester of pregnancy that has not been a pre-existing type 1 or 2 diabetes
Hyperglycemia in pregnancy may be suggested by the presence of glycosuria, a fetus that is large for date, or polyhydramnios
Prevalence of GDM appears to be high in South Asia and South East Asian women compared to African-American, Caucasian and Hispanic women; prevalence rates are 3-21.2% in women with GDM who were born in Asian countries
Rates of fetal macrosomia are lower in South East Asian women than in American Caucasian women
Asian women with GDM have a higher incidence of abnormal postpartum glucose tolerance tests and risk of developing type 2 DM in the future is higher than in Anglo-European women
Individuals with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) may have an increased risk of COVID-19, with the risk reducing with adherence to positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy, according to a study presented at ATS 2021.
Year 6 and 7 cumulative data from the Mirena Extension Trial suggest that the efficacy and safety of the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) as a contraceptive method is maintained over this time frame.
In a webinar held on 27 March 2021, paediatric
endocrinology nurses Karen Blair,
Kate Davies, and Siti Zarina Yaakop shared
insights and clinical experience based
on their frontline roles in caring for patients
with central precocious puberty (CPP)
and supporting their family members.