gestational%20diabetes%20mellitus
GESTATIONAL DIABETES MELLITUS
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is any degree of glucose intolerance with onset or first recognition during pregnancy.
Hyperglycemia in pregnancy may be suggested by the presence of glycosuria, a fetus that is large for date, or polyhydramnios.
Overt diabetes mellitus may be found in women presenting with risk factors for type 2 diabetes during the first prenatal visit (before 13 weeks of gestation).

Introduction

Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM)
  • Any degree of glucose intolerance with onset or first recognition during pregnancy 
    • It is diabetes that is first diagnosed in the 2nd or 3rd trimester of pregnancy that has not been a pre-existing type 1 or 2 diabetes  
  • Hyperglycemia in pregnancy may be suggested by the presence of glycosuria, a fetus that is large for date, or polyhydramnios  
  • Prevalence of GDM appears to be high in South Asia and South East Asian women compared to African-American, Caucasian and Hispanic women; prevalence rates are 3-21.2% in women with GDM who were born in Asian countries  
    • Rates of fetal macrosomia are lower in South East Asian women than in American Caucasian women  
    • Asian women with GDM have a higher incidence of abnormal postpartum glucose tolerance tests and risk of developing type 2 DM in the future is higher than in Anglo-European women
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Endocrinology - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
Tristan Manalac, 3 days ago
Switching insulin pumps on or off before exercise does not seem to affect blood glucose concentrations during physical activity in type 1 diabetes patients, according to a recent study.
06 Jun 2019
Having at least four pregnancies through childbearing age appears to increase the risk of diabetes in postmenopausal women without a history of gestational diabetes, a study has found.
Stephen Padilla, 07 Oct 2019
Almost half of Asian patients with dyslipidaemia and hypertension, as well as half of those on pharmacotherapy, have achieved their blood pressure (BP) treatment goals, a Singapore study has shown. Moreover, BP goal attainment is significantly associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C) control.
Roshini Claire Anthony, 30 Jul 2019

Individuals who adhere to a plant-based diet, particularly one consisting of healthy plant-based foods, may reduce their risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D), according to a recent meta-analysis.