Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is any degree of glucose intolerance with onset or first recognition during pregnancy.
Hyperglycemia in pregnancy may be suggested by the presence of glycosuria, a fetus that is large for date, or polyhydramnios.
Overt diabetes mellitus may be found in women presenting with risk factors for type 2 diabetes during the first prenatal visit (before 13 weeks of gestation).
Women with high levels of very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol or high apolipoprotein B to A-1 ratio may fare better with insulin than metformin, with a recent study showing that treatment with the latter leads to higher serum concentrations of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins in the last trimester of pregnancy.
Women who follow a healthy plant-based diet before pregnancy have a lower risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), suggests a large, prospective cohort study presented at the ADA 2020 Annual Meeting.
For working expectant moms with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) who need additional support to control their blood sugar, a GDM management smartphone app is the way to go, according to a Singapore study.
Overweight or obese women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) may fare well with metformin treatment, which is reported in a recent study to safely and effectively prevent excessive and promote adequate gestational weight gain (GWG) independent of age, body mass index (BMI) and timing of GDM diagnosis, among others.
Women who conceive singleton pregnancies following assisted reproductive technology (ART) may have a higher risk of developing gestational diabetes than those who conceive spontaneously, according to results of a systematic review and meta-analysis presented at EASD 2019.
Gestational diabetes and abnormal glucose levels in pregnancy, as determined with an oral glucose challenge test (OGCT) at 24–28 weeks gestation, could signal a future risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD)*, according to a recent study.
Zinc supplementation significantly lowers key glycaemic indicators, particularly fasting glucose (FG) in individuals with diabetes and in those who received an inorganic supplement, results of a systematic review and meta-analysis have shown.
Higher levels of exercise appear to be associated with a lower risk of all-cause mortality in adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared with no exercise at all, according to a study presented at EASD 2020.
Exendin-4 imaging targeting GLP-1* receptor (GLP-1R) ably detects residual, dysfunctional pancreatic beta cells in individuals with long-standing type 1 diabetes (T1D), according to a study presented at EASD 2020. This breakthrough brings research closer to the possibility of restoring insulin-producing cells depleted in T1D.