Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is any degree of glucose intolerance with onset or first recognition during pregnancy.
Hyperglycemia in pregnancy may be suggested by the presence of glycosuria, a fetus that is large for date, or polyhydramnios.
Overt diabetes mellitus may be found in women presenting with risk factors for type 2 diabetes during the first prenatal visit (before 13 weeks of gestation).
Breastfeeding has benefits that extend beyond the babies’ health, with a recent study showing that mothers who nurse for at least 6 months are better protected against long-term dysglycaemia, particularly those with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), in an Asian setting.
Initiating interventions combining diet and physical activity between 9 and 16 weeks of gestation may attenuate weight gain but not successfully avert the development of gestational diabetes mellitus, according to data from the LIFE-Moms consortium.
Having a diabetes prior to pregnancy and, to a lesser extent, gestational diabetes mellitus contribute to an increased risk of several subtypes of congenital anomalies in newborns, as reported in a study.
Undergoing in-facility physical activity (PA) programmes initiated before the 20th week of gestation helps reduce the risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) among high-risk mothers, according to the results of a meta-analysis.
Women with high levels of very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol or high apolipoprotein B to A-1 ratio may fare better with insulin than metformin, with a recent study showing that treatment with the latter leads to higher serum concentrations of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins in the last trimester of pregnancy.
Women who follow a healthy plant-based diet before pregnancy have a lower risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), suggests a large, prospective cohort study presented at the ADA 2020 Annual Meeting.
For working expectant moms with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) who need additional support to control their blood sugar, a GDM management smartphone app is the way to go, according to a Singapore study.