genital%20herpes
GENITAL HERPES
Genital herpes is a recurrent lifelong disease with no cure, caused by herpes simplex virus (HSV).
HSV-2 is usually the cause but HSV-1 may occur in up to 1/3 of new cases.
HSV-1 tends to cause fewer recurrences & milder disease than HSV-2.
The incubation period is 2 days-2 weeks after exposure.

Genital%20herpes Signs and Symptoms

Introduction

  • Recurrent lifelong disease with no cure, caused by herpes simplex virus (HSV)
  • Typically occurs in adults, usually transmitted through sexual contact 
  • Incubation period is 2 days-2 weeks after exposure

Etiology

Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV)
  • HSV-1: Tends to cause fewer recurrences and milder disease than HSV-2
  • HSV-2: Usually the cause of genital herpes but HSV-1 may occur in up to 1/3 of new cases

Risk Factors

Risk Factors for Genital Herpes Simplex Virus Infection
  • Multiple sexual partners
  • Previous history of sexually transmitted infection (STI) including HIV
  • History of genital lesion in self or partner
  • Partner diagnosed with genital HSV infection
  • Early age of 1st sexual activity (≤17 years old)
  • Female gender
  • Low socioeconomic status; low level of education
  • Advancing age
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Infectious Diseases - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
Roshini Claire Anthony, 03 Sep 2018

The rate of syphilis reactivity appears to be higher in individuals with dementia compared with those without the condition, a Singapore study has found.

12 Jun 2019
Urogenital infections remain a major reason for women to visit their family physician and their subsequent referral to obstetrics and gynaecology or urology specialists. The association between abnormal vaginal microbiota and an increased risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), as well as an increased rate of preterm labour, indicates the need to better understand and manage urogenital health in women. Probiotics are “live microorganisms which, when administered in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit on the host”. As such, there is a sound rationale for using probiotics to maintain female vaginal and bladder health.
Tristan Manalac, 2 days ago
Elderly coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients with high nutritional risk appear to suffer worse outcomes, such as longer hospital stay and greater disease severity, according to a recent study.
Jairia Dela Cruz, 16 Apr 2020
The odds of women passing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) to their sexual partners appear to be low, with two studies showing no evidence of the disease-causing SARS-CoV-2 virus existing in the vaginal fluids of infected patients.