Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a condition which results from the recurrent backflow of gastric contents into the esophagus and adjacent structures causing troublesome symptoms and/or tissue injury.
It is produced by various mechanisms such as frequent occurrence of transient relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter or pressure abnormalities in the lower esophageal sphincter (which can be caused by hormonal and neural mediators, food, drugs and patient lifestyle).
Typical symptoms are acid regurgitation and heartburn.
Acid regurgitation is the perception of flow of refluxed gastric contents into the mouth or hypopharynx.
Heartburn is the burning sensation in the retrosternal region.
Recently, randomized controlled trials and guidelines have brought to light the benefits of extending the duration of H. pylori treatment. Below are summaries of guidelines and trials examining the regimens used to manage the infection.
At the recent Takeda Malaysia Vocinti® (vonoprazan) launch, held in conjunction with the Annual Scientific Meeting of the Malaysian Society of Gastroenterology and Hepatology - GUT 2019 at Shangri-La Kuala Lumpur, Professor Akihito spoke about vonoprazan’s merits as an alternative to conventional proton pump inhibitors.