Individuals with high adherence to healthy dietary patterns, such as the alternate Mediterranean, Alternate Healthy Eating Index and Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension, are at low risk of developing symptomatic gallstone disease, a study has found.
The patient profiles of individuals diagnosed with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) vary depending on whether the cause of HCC is hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection or cryptogenic, a Singapore study found.
There appears to be no greater early childhood gastrointestinal infections rates among adult individuals with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) compared with adult controls, according to a study, which does not support a statistically significant association between early life infections and IBS aside from bronchitis.
Individuals with severe and frequent gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are at increased risk of Barrett’s oesophagus (BE), especially in the absence of frequent proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use, a recent study has found. Family history of BE and early age of symptom onset are strong predictors of BE among people with GERD.
Close monitoring is necessary in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) gravidas with high viraemia (>6 log10 IU/mL), suggests a recent study, adding that extended antiviral therapy is recommended to mothers whose baseline viraemia is >7 log10 IU/mL for higher serological response.
Complete resolution of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is highly likely to occur following sustained weight loss in obese patients who have undergone bariatric surgery, although there are still some who may develop new or worsened features of NAFLD, a study has shown.
Taking a high daily dose multi-strain probiotic may help reduce incidence of mild-to-moderate chemotherapy-induced diarrhoea (CID), a side effect commonly experienced by cancer patients, suggests a randomized study presented at ESMO 2018.
Patients with previously treated metastatic gastric adenocarcinoma had improved overall survival (OS) when a trifluridine-tipiracil combination was added to a supportive care regimen compared with best supportive care alone, according to findings of the phase III TAGS* trial.
Oral vitamin B-12 supplementation yields similar efficacy to that of hydroxocobalamin injections, according to a recent study. This suggests that oral supplementation can be used to replace hydroxocobalamin injections in the treatment of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) patients with low values of serum vitamin B-12.