Dr Andrew Ong, a consultant at the Department of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Singapore General Hospital, explains to Roshini Claire Anthony the challenges in diagnosing and treating irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
Marketplace introduction of the antitumour necrosis factor (anti-TNF) therapy infliximab seems to have little appreciable impact so far on the rates of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)-related hospitalizations or intestinal resections among patients with Crohn’s disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis, despite robust penetration of the drug in the CD population, as reported in a recent study from Canada.
The combination of TAS-118 and oxaliplatin led to significantly greater survival compared with the S-1 and cisplatin combination in patients with metastatic or recurrent HER2-negative gastric cancer, the phase III SOLAR* study showed.
Disease-free survival (DFS) at 3 years was comparable between patients with locally advanced gastric cancer who underwent laparoscopic distal gastrectomy and open distal gastrectomy, pointing to the noninferiority of the laparoscopic procedure to the open one, according to the CLASS-01* study.
Reducing the dose of regorafenib did little to affect the overall tolerability of the drug in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), according to the phase II REARRANGE* trial presented at ESMO GI 2019.
The survival benefit with ramucirumab was consistent in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and high alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) levels regardless of whether they were previously treated with transarterial chemoembolization (TACE), a post hoc analysis of pooled data from the REACH/REACH-2 studies shows.
Adding bevacizumab to trifluridine/tipiracil (FTD/TPI) significantly improves progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) compared with FTD/TPI in patients with chemorefractory metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), according to a study presented at ESMO GI 2019.
A triple-drug combination therapy comprising encorafenib, binimetinib, and cetuximab significantly improved survival compared with the current standard of care chemotherapy in patients with BRAF V600E-mutant metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) who had failed one or two prior treatments, according to the BEACON CRC study presented at the recent ESMO World Congress on Gastrointestinal Cancer (ESMO GI).
Measurement of spleen stiffness (SS) may be utilized to assess the risk of a hepatic decompensation and may therefore be used a robust screening tool to identify patients who need closer monitoring, suggests a study. In addition, SS can differentiate between acute and chronic or acute on chronic liver damage.
Both inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and type 1 diabetes (T1D) are highly prevalent among patients who eventually develop rheumatoid arthritis (RA), indicating that these two conditions are potential risk factors for RA, according to a study presented at EULAR 2019.
Exposure to corticosteroids in patients with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) appears to contribute to increased risks of cataract, diabetes and bone fractures, a study has found. Notably, the fracture risk is elevated at low doses, while the risk of adverse events overall is dose-dependent and is reversible.
In patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and stable coronary artery disease (CAD), rivaroxaban monotherapy is noninferior to combination treatment with an antiplatelet therapy in terms of cutting the risk of cardiovascular events and mortality, according to data from the AFIRE trial.
Supplementation with oral nano vitamin D appears to moderate disease activity and severity grade of patients with active ulcerative colitis (UC), suggests a study, adding that this association is more evident in those achieving a target vitamin D level of 40 ng/mL.