Individuals with severe obesity who undergo Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) may have a higher risk of nonvertebral fractures than those who undergo adjustable gastric banding (AGB), according to a study presented at the recent ENDO 2018 sessions.
Upfront tumour sequencing with a single next-generation sequencing (NGS) test demonstrated improved sensitivity and comparable specificity with the currently used universal screening multitest approach for Lynch syndrome in patients with colorectal cancer, which highlights its role as a potential replacement for universal screening, a recent study found.
In paediatric Crohn’s disease (CD), short-term improvements in insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) z scores correlate with recovery of bone and muscle outcomes following initiation of antitumour necrosis factor α (anti-TNF-α) therapy, according to a recent study, suggesting that disease effects on growth hormone metabolism may cause musculoskeletal deficits in CD.
The combination of low-dose rivaroxaban and aspirin reduces the incidence of major adverse limb events (MALE) in patients with stable lower-extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD), a sub-study of the COMPASS* trial has shown.
Patients who lose ≥8 percent of their excess weight via a 1-month-long surgeon-recommended low-calorie diet prior to undergoing primary vertical sleeve gastrectomy (SG) or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) have a greater rate of excess weight loss up to 1 year following the procedure, a recent study found.
Aspirin does not appear to confer any survival benefits for patients with oesophageal or gastric cancer, according to a recent study, which shows no improvement in cancer-specific or all-cause mortality rates following low-dose prescriptions.
Bismuth-based antimicrobial drugs, conventionally used to treat Helicobacter pylori-related gastric ulcer, have shown potential in restoring antibiotic sensitivity to superbugs in a recent study conducted by The University of Hong Kong (HKU).
The serum pepsinogen test—which is relatively
simple, inexpensive, sensitive and specific—is a potentially viable method for
the screening and detection of Kazakh early gastric cancer, a new study claims.
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is associated with conditions such as gastritis, peptic ulcer, gastric cancer, and certain types of lymphoma. A common presenting complaint among all these H. pylori-related illnesses is dyspepsia. Dr Desmond Wai from the Desmond Wai Liver and Gastrointestinal Diseases Centre, Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre, Singapore, speaks on the important role general practitioners (GPs) play in recognizing, diagnosing, and treating H. pylori.
New treatments such as pirfenidone and nintedanib slow lung function decline and progression of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), although response to treatment can vary dramatically among patients, according to a presentation at the 21st Congress of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology (APSR 2016) held in Bangkok, Thailand.