A polypropylene device that enhances mucosal visualization leads to significant improvements in bowel cancer screening, such as the detection rate of adenoma and cancer, especially in faecal occult blood (FOBt)-positive patients, according to the ADENOMA* study.
In Asian patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, more severe liver disease is associated with factors such as older age, obesity, diabetes, dyslipidaemia, higher alanine transaminase and aspartate transaminase levels, and lower platelet count, according to a team of investigators.
A point-of-order test restriction algorithm for hospitalized adults with diarrhoea reduces bacterial stool cultures and ova and parasites testing, which results in substantial cost and time savings, according to a recent study.
Use of oral capsules in the delivery of faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) appears to be equally effective as colonoscopy in terms of preventing recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (RCDI) over 12 weeks, according to the results of a trial.
Gastric bypass surgery in addition to intensive lifestyle and medical intervention led to reductions in HbA1c, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels up to 5 years post-surgery in patients with type 2 diabetes, though the effects of surgery appeared to decrease over time, according to results of the Diabetes Surgery Study.
Using the JAK* inhibitor tofacitinib as induction therapy for Crohn’s disease (CD) can promote disease remission in certain patients selected based on baseline endoscopic evidence of inflammation, according to a post hoc analysis presented at the recent Crohn's & Colitis Congress (CCC) 2018, Las Vegas, Nevada, US.
The combination of nivolumab and ipilimumab demonstrated strong response, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) rates in patients with DNA mismatch repair-deficient/microsatellite instability-high (dMMR/MSI-H) metastatic or recurrent colorectal cancer (CRC), results from the phase II CheckMate-142* trial show.
Individuals who develop liver injury due to consumption of herbal and dietary supplements (HDS) have an elevated risk of progressing to acute liver failure compared with those whose liver injury is associated with consumption of anabolic steroids or conventional medications, according to findings from a small Spanish study.
There appears to be a significant percentage of children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in Singapore and Malaysia who use complementary and alternative medicine, as reported in a cross-sectional study.
Patients infected with Helicobacter pylori strains derived from different geographical human ancestries than their own are likely to develop more severe symptoms which include gastric cancers, says an expert.
Having both type 1 diabetes and coeliac disease (CD) autoimmunity in early childhood appears to be more common than expected, with the development of islet autoantibodies (IAs) conferring a significant risk of subsequent tissue transglutaminase autoantibodies (tTGAs), according to data from the TEDDY* study.