Administration of the RANKL* inhibitor denosumab prior to chemotherapy initiation may prevent secondary reduction in bone mineral density (BMD) induced by chemotherapy, according to the ESPRESSO-02 study presented at ESMO Asia 2018.
Treatment with the combination of the DAAs* glecaprevir and pibrentasvir led to sustained virological response (SVR) in a majority of patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection genotype 5 or 6, according to the phase IIIB ENDURANCE-5,6** trial.
New drug applications approved by US FDA as of 16 - 30 November 2018
which includes New Molecular Entities (NMEs) and new biologics. It does
not include Tentative Approvals. Supplemental approvals may have
occurred since the original approval date.
Treatment with the tyrosine kinase inhibitor cabozantinib led to improved tumour response, in terms of target lesion regression, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) response, and time to disease progression compared with placebo in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who had prior treatment with sorafenib, according to the CELESTIAL* trial presented at ESMO Asia 2018.
Patients with inadequate response to proton pump inhibitors and prokinetics for functional dyspepsia may derive benefit from low doses of the tricyclic antidepressant (TCA) imipramine, according to a recent study from Hong Kong.
The patient profiles of individuals diagnosed with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) vary depending on whether the cause of HCC is hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection or cryptogenic, a Singapore study found.
Close monitoring is necessary in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) gravidas with high viraemia (>6 log10 IU/mL), suggests a recent study, adding that extended antiviral therapy is recommended to mothers whose baseline viraemia is >7 log10 IU/mL for higher serological response.
Taking a high daily dose multi-strain probiotic may help reduce incidence of mild-to-moderate chemotherapy-induced diarrhoea (CID), a side effect commonly experienced by cancer patients, suggests a randomized study presented at ESMO 2018.
A strong belief in the necessity of medication is associated with better adherence to oral disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) or prednisone, while higher self-efficacy correlates with poor adherence, in a diverse cohort of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), suggests a study.
First-line therapy with the BTK* inhibitor ibrutinib plus the anti-CD20 immunotherapy rituximab confers significant survival advantage over the current gold-standard regimen of fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and rituximab (FCR) for young, fit patients with treatment-naïve chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL), according to the E1912 trial, a large cooperative group study supported by the US National Cancer Institute.
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) displays comparable rates of mortality and serious composite outcomes but a higher rate of target-vessel revascularization at 10 years relative to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with significant left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease, reports a study. On the other hand, CABG delivers lower mortality and serious composite outcome rates compared with PCI with drug-eluting stents after 5 years.