In highly viraemic mothers, initiating treatment with tenofovir alafenamide fumarate (TAF) at the 13th gestational week or later in pregnancy puts a lid on hepatitis B virus (HBV) and prevents vertical transmission when infants receive standard immunoprophylaxis, as shown in a study.
Patients with the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have an altered faecal microbiome, characterized by enrichments in opportunistic pathogens, and depletions of beneficial commensals, according to a recent study.
Daily albumin infusion to achieve serum albumin levels of ≥30 g/L did not reduce the risk of infection, renal dysfunction, or mortality in individuals with acute decompensated cirrhosis, according to results of the ATTIRE* study presented at ILC 2020.
Consuming cranberry juice twice daily for 8 weeks can help suppress Helicobacter (H.) pylori infection among Chinese adults, suggests a randomized study — thus opening the door to using cranberry juice as a complementary approach to H. pylori management.
Delivering percutaneous electrical nerve field stimulation to the external ear via a noninvasive device helps ease abdominal pain and improve overall wellbeing in teens with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), as shown in a study.
The novel combination regimen comprising the immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) durvalumab (anti-PD-L1) and tremelimumab (anti-CTLA-4) showed a favourable safety profile and clinical activity for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), according to detailed safety data presented at ESMO GI 2020.
In virologically suppressed patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, switching from tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) to tenofovir alafenamide (TAF) did not affect their rates of viral suppression, according to the final 96-week analysis of a phase III study.
In patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) receiving angiotensin-converting-enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, high dosing confers benefits for the risk of death or hospitalization that are similar to that obtained with lower dosing, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis.