People who eat yogurt appear to have a reduced risk of proximal colon cancer with a long latency period, a study has found. However, no significant benefit is seen for colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality.
Men who have higher serum concentration of the active form of vitamin D (1,25[OH]2D) tend to have gut flora enriched in butyrate-producing bacteria, a recent study has found. In turn, this microbiota structure may promote better gut health.
Supplementation with the i3.1 probiotic is safe and beneficial to patients with lactose intolerance, markedly reducing symptoms despite a nonsignificant change in the lactose hydrogen breath test compared with placebo, as shown in a study.
Reductions in liver fat and adipose tissue volumes were sustained in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) with the addition of the SGLT-2* inhibitor dapagliflozin (DAPA) and the DPP-4** inhibitor saxagliptin (SAXA) to metformin (MET), compared with a regimen comprising glimepiride (GLIM)+MET, according to the extension period results of a phase IIIb trial.