Patients with Crohn’s disease risk developing osteoporosis and related fractures, but this may be countered by performing combined impact and resistance training exercises, which confer benefits for bone mineral density and muscle function, a study has shown.
Treatment with besifovir dipivoxil maleate (BSV) is effective and safe for long-term use in treatment-naïve and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF)-experienced patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB), results of a phase III trial have shown.
Eradication of hepatitis C virus (HCV) leads to a lower risk of gastric cancer and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), particularly among younger patients, a Taiwan study has shown. This indicates that those with chronic HCV infection must be treated as early as possible.
Statin use demonstrates a protective effect against hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), while hypertension confers an increased risk, in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a study has found.
Individuals with coeliac disease are at higher risk of developing small bowel adenocarcinoma or adenomas compared with those who do not have the immune disorder, a study has shown. However, the absolute risks of these malignancies are small.
Most patients with recurrent Clostridioides difficile infection (rCDI) experience long-term cure after faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT), reports a study that claims to be the largest and longest investigation on the safety and efficacy of FMT for rCDI treatment.
Children with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are at heightened risk of developing asthma, and those with asthma are prone to develop GERD, according to a study, which suggests that the two conditions have a bidirectional relationship.
In patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) receiving angiotensin-converting-enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, high dosing confers benefits for the risk of death or hospitalization that are similar to that obtained with lower dosing, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis.