Use of pegylated interferon alpha 2a as an add-on therapy in chronic hepatitis B patients on tenofovir disoproxil fumarate facilitates rapid reductions in hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and core-related antigen (HBcrAg) levels, a study has shown.
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with a heightened risk of urolithiasis both before and after diagnosis, a study has found. This association is especially pronounced in patients exposed to anti-tumour necrosis factor (anti-TNF) therapy and those who have undergone surgery, suggesting that IBD severity and surgery contribute to a risk increase.
In managing functional dyspepsia, itopride and acotiamide, tricyclic antidepressants, histamine‐2 receptor antagonists, proton pump inhibitors, and the antipsychotic sulpiride or levosulpiride all prove to be more effective than placebo, according to the results of a meta-analysis.
Diabetes, hypertension, and older age are associated with lower hospital readmission in patients with gastroparesis, while higher length of stay (LOS), drug abuse, and marijuana use increase the 30-day readmission rate, a study has shown.