gastroenteritis%20-%20viral
GASTROENTERITIS - VIRAL
Acute gastroenteritis is a diarrheal disease of rapid onset.
Viruses are one of the common causes of gastroenteritis.
Rotavirus, enteric adenovirus serotypes 40 & 41, astrovirus and calicivirus (eg "Norwalk-like" virus) are the established viral agents causing gastroenteritis.
Rotavirus is the most common pathogen causing diarrhea in patients 3-24 months old.
Patients <3 months old are protected by maternal rotavirus antibodies that are passed transplacentally and possibly by breastfeeding.
Transmission is through fecal-oral route.
Incubation period may vary from 1-10 days depending on the causative agent.

Patient Education

  • Viral gastroenteritis is contagious, hence asymptomatic patients are advised not to play with infected patients
  • Appropriate sanitation measures (eg hand washing & housekeeping) should be observed at all times
  • Careful food preparation measures should be done
  • Appropriate measures in changing & disposal of diaper
  • Fomites should also be disinfected as viral spread from these objects has been reported
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS JPOG - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
Kavitha G. Shekar, 19 Aug 2015
Haematologic disorder, increasing age, malar rash, and autoantibodies are early predictors of arthritis in paediatric patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), a longitudinal cohort study has shown.
01 Dec 2017
Bifidobacteria supplementation to infant diet helps curb the occurrence of specific bacteria and metabolites during early life, a recent study has shown, adding that no long-term effects have been detected.