Acute gastroenteritis is a diarrheal disease of rapid onset.
Viruses are one of the common causes of gastroenteritis.
Rotavirus, enteric adenovirus serotypes 40 and 41, astrovirus and calicivirus (eg "Norwalk-like" virus) are the established viral agents causing gastroenteritis.
Rotavirus is the most common pathogen causing diarrhea in patients 3-24 months old.
Patients <3 months old are protected by maternal rotavirus antibodies that are passed transplacentally and possibly by breastfeeding.
Transmission is through fecal-oral route.
Incubation period may vary from 1-10 days depending on the causative agent.
A twice-daily dose of a probiotic product containing Lactobacillus rhamnosus (L. rhamnosus) R0011 and Lactobacillus helveticus (L. helveticus) R0052 for 5 days did little to prevent subsequent moderate-to-severe gastroenteritis episodes in children visiting the emergency department (ED) for acute gastroenteritis, results of the PERC PROGUT* trial showed.
Dental care has the potential to reduce the recurrence of severe pneumonia in children with neurologic impairment (NI), whereas gastrostomy tube placement is associated with an increased risk of recurrence, possibly due to unresolved confounding by indication, according to a study.