Frequently, patients with gastrointestinal parasitic infections do not have any signs and symptoms that are specific for parasitic infections (eg fever, malaise, fatigue, sweating, wt loss, anorexia, edema, pruritus).
Some patients may be asymptomatic.
Gastrointestinal symptoms, if present, include diarrhea, abdominal pain, dysentery, flatulence, jaundice, rectal prolapse, dyspepsia, malabsorption, vomiting and biliary colic. 

Patient Education

  • Health education regarding personal hygiene, routes of transmission & prevention of transmission
  • Handwashing to interrupt the fecal-oral or urinary-oral route of transmission of many parasites
  • Good food hygiene (eg washing all vegetables & fruit before consumption) to interrupt fecal-oral transmission
    • Kitchen utensils must be washed frequently
    • Meat & fish must be properly cooked
  • Use of footwear to inhibit the soil-to-skin route of infection
  • When going swimming, avoid swallowing pool water & check the pool’s pH & chlorine level, is possible
  • Targeted chemotherapy may prevent infections, like treating family contacts of a patient w/ certain parasitic infections (eg enterobiasis)
  • Proper disposal of sewage & wastewater to avoid contamination of food crops or water supplies by fecal material
  • Compost of human waste to kill infective forms of parasites
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